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Instructions for the presentation of an article

  • The length of an article is between 35 000 and 40 000 characters, including spaces.

  • The bibliography needs to respect the APA style (please refer to the APA style guide below).

  • Your article needs to be sent in a .doc or .docx format and registered as « namefirstAuthor ». You will send your article to: comite[at]

  • Your text will be written using a gender-inclusive language. Please note that the journal accepts different types of rules and practices of gender-inclusive language.


Heading :

  • Font 14, bold, centered

  • Limited to 100 characters, including spaces

Sub-heading :

  • Font 12, bold, centered

  • Limited to 100 characters, including spaces

Clear mention of the author(s)

Clear mention of the author(s) institutional affiliation, font 12, aligned-left

Keywords: 4 to 5

An abstract (1000 characters including spaces)

First level heading (1.):

  • Font 14, bold, aligned-left

Second level heading (1.1):

  • Font 12, italics, bold, aligned-left

Main text:

  • Times 12, single-spaced, not indented before or after the paragraph.

In-text styles:

    • Do not use bold or underline; italics can be used to emphasize a particular word or a sentence, to quote a linguistic expression, or a foreign language word or sentence. Please avoid the use of special symbols.

Quotation marks:

    • Do not overuse quotation marks. French quotation marks « ... » are used for expressions and terms not commonly used in French, invented and ironic terms; for any direct quotation; to indicate the title of a chapter or article inserted in a sentence. English quotation marks "..." are used to indicate the part of a direct quotation that is itself a direct quotation made by the referring author.

In-text citations:

    • Respect of APA style (please refer to the APA style guide below).


    • Times 12, single-spaced, not indented, without bullet points, centered.


    • Provide the figures as high-resolution images in a separate file. If you take a screenshot, be careful not to include the title of the figure in the screenshot.


    • Provide the images as high-resolution images in a separate file. Number the images and their corresponding locations in the text or tables in which they are inserted. Add the source of the image.


    • Footnotes in the text should follow superscript formatting. Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page, in Times 9. Please limit the number and length of footnotes and do not include them in the headings and/or subheadings.


    • For tables, figures and images, please follow the same presentation rules as for these elements in the main text. Please limit their number and length.


    • Always check the validity of the link included in the text and/or in the bibliography.

APA style guide for in-text citations and reference list

In-text citations


  • Direct quotations that are shorter than 40 words are written between French quotation marks « ... ». If quotations are 40 words or longer, they will form a new paragraph indented 1 point from the left margin, without quotation marks.

  • The name of the author and the date of publication, can be indicated before or after the quotation. However, the page number needs to be placed in parentheses after the quotation.

Direct quote from a secondary source

  • Both references need to be indicated in the reference list.

Some authors recall that «the solution of elementary arithmetic problems has not been studied much by psychologists» (Vergnaud & Durand, 1976, as cited in Rouchier, 1994, p. 150).

Inserting references in the current text

Basic rules

For in-text citations the last name of the author and the date of publication should be in parentheses and separated by a comma. The author’s first name or his/her initials does not have to be included in the parentheses.

If the name and/or the date have a syntactic function in the sentence, they are inserted without parentheses.

Single author

The use of official teaching time varies according to classes of the same school level (Crahay, 1997).

In his review, Crahay (1997) stresses

In 1997, Crahay mentions again

Subsequent references to the same text within the same paragraph no longer require the mention of the year, as long as they cannot be confused with other texts by the same author also cited.

What teachers do and say seems to be determined more by contextual variables (Bayer, 1986).

Heuristically, Bayer proposes

Two authors

The names of both authors are always indicated, even if they are subsequent references within the same paragraph. In brackets, the names are linked by the ampersand &. In the text, by the conjunction et.

According to some authors (Hofstetter & Schneuwly, 1998)

According to Hofstetter and Schneuwly (1998)

Three to five authors

  • At the first reference, the name of all authors and the year are indicated.

  • In subsequent references, only the name of the first author, followed by et al. is indicated.

  • If references to different works are confusing because they have the same year and are shortened by the formula et al., mention as many authors' names as necessary to eliminate confusion.

Six authors and more

Only the name of the first author, followed by et al. and the year are given. In the reference list, all authors' names are specified.

We can conceive errors as transitory forms in the construction of... (Brun et al., 1994).

Two or more works in the same parentheses

The references are listed in alphabetical order, then in ascending chronological order if they are by the same author(s).

Several studies (Brown, 1992; Brown & Campione, 1990; Brown & Palincsar, 1982, 1989) show

Main reference followed by one or more secondary work(s)

The sense of this relationship it is not clear (Wosnita & Frey, 1998; see also Lens, 1994).

Two or more works by the same author of the same year

The suffixes a, b, c ,…are attached to the year. The suffixes are assigned according to the order of appearance in the list of references. Organization as an author (institution, association,...)

The organization name is given in full followed by the official acronym in square brackets, when mentioned for the first time. On subsequent references, only the acronym is given (unless the recall distance is too great to allow the reader to locate the name of the organization).

The data for Switzerland (Bundesamt für Statistik [BFS], 1995) show that.... If we consider the previous data (BFS, 1985), we can see that…


The year of publication of the original text and the year of the translation are given in parentheses, separated by /. If the year of the original text is unknown, it needs to be specified that the year used is the one of the translation.

Berger and Luckmann (1968/1986)

Berger and Luckmann (trans. 1986)

Two or more editions of a same publication

The analysis made by Jackson (1968/1990) on classroom life is still valid.

Reference List

Basic rules

  • The list must contain all and only the references cited in the text. In this sense, it is different from a bibliography, which offers the reader additional references.

  • Incomplete references or whose author's name and/or year of publication do not correspond to the reference inserted in the text will be returned to the author.

Order of the references

References are listed following the alphabetical order of authors' last names (if it is a group it should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author). For references without an author, the first letter of the first significant word of the title should be considered. For authors' names with a prefix, the first letter of the prefix is considered; this is always capitalized, being at the beginning of the entry. Multiples references of the same author(s) are listed in chronological order (from earliest to most recent) of the year of publication.


Author, A. (year of publication). Title of the book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Harding, S. G. (1987). Feminism and methodology: Social science issues. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Important information for the identification of the sources: this is inserted in parentheses just after the title of the work: (Final report FNRS N° 30-4587) (3e ed., pp. 1-9) (5e ed. rev. et aug.).

Chapter in an edited book

Author, A., Author, B. & Author, C. (year of publication). Title of the chapter. In A. author-editor & B. author-editor (Ed.), Title of a collective book (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher.

Donaldson, A., McCarry, M. & McCullough, A. (2018). Preventing gender based violence in UK universities: The policy context. In S. Anitha & R. Lewis (Ed.), Gender Based Violence in University Communities (pp.105-126). Bristol: Policy Press.

Journal article

Author, A. (year of publication). Title of the article. Title of the journal, Vol(nb), xx-xx.

Hesse-Biber, S. (2012). Feminist approaches to triangulation uncovering subjugated knowledge and fostering social change in mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), 137-146.

Volume numbers and page numbers are always written in Arabic numerals.

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