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Instructions to authors

Writing the text

  • Use Word software. Do not use rtf at all (reference notes are unstable and can disappear).

  • Do not use any particular layout apart from indicating the titles of different parts and paragraphs.

  • Put a non-breaking space between the number for a century and the word century, before a % . In short, this is to keep together anything which should not be dissociated, particularly by use of the ‘return’ key.

  • All foreign words as well as other special words should be in italics (a priori, Aufklärung...).

  • Signature: just after the article, give your first name and your last name in lowercase. Your home institution (University of ...) in lowercase, after the signature.


  • Make use of the automatic insertion of footnotes with continuous numbering in the article.

  • Footnote numbers to be in superscript, do not use brackets, do not precede with a space, always locate before the punctuation mark. In the case of a quotation, the footnote number is placed after the closing quotation marks and before the full stop.


  • Short quotations included in the text: between French style quotation marks (« quotation »); use English style quotation marks (“quotation”) for a word or a bit of text between quotation marks in the source text. The final full stop is placed before quotation marks or after the closing quotation marks depending on the syntactic structure.

  • Long quotations set apart from the text, preceded by a colon (:) and beginning with a capital letter. If you are omitting the beginning of the sentence indicate this by using [...].

  • It is recommended to give the translation of foreign language quotations in a footnote.

  • A break in a quotation made by the author is shown by three full stops between brackets: [...]. Do not omit the full stop before or after the interruption between two phrases. Any modification made to a quoted text should be made between brackets.

Capital letters, written forms and spaces

Capital letters in French are accented. Ex. : Moyen Âge, Étymologies, Ô, Île, À y regarder de plus près...

Acronyms are written with no full stop between the letters: PUF not P.U.F., UNO not U.N.O.

Do not forget special characters such as œ, Œ, Æ, Ç...

Centuries are written in Roman characters using small capitals with st, nd, rd, th written in superscript. Ex. : XIIth century.

A few reminders regarding punctuation:

  • any single punctuation mark (full stop and comma) is followed by a space and not preceded by one.

  • any double punctuation mark is followed by a space and preceded by an unbreakable space: semi colon, colon, question / exclamation marks.

  • three suspension points, set up automatically and not one by one, are not preceded but followed by a space.

  • use French quotation marks. The opening French quotation mark (« ) is preceded by a space and followed by an unbreakable space ; the closing French quotation mark is preceded by an unbreakable space.

Ex : « xxxx ». When you need to use quotation marks within quotation marks, use English inverted commas inside French quotation marks: (« xx “yyy” zzz »). The opening English quotation mark (“) is preceded by a space and not followed by a space, the closing English quotation mark (”) is not preceded by a space and followed by a space.

  • the opening bracket is preceded by a space and not followed by a space, the closing bracket is never preceded by a space (even when it comes after a / exclamation mark which in principle requires a following space) and it is always followed by a space (Ex : xxx (yyyy) zzz).

  • do not confuse the long dash (acting as a parenthesis) and the hyphen (in compound words, for example).

  • the apostrophe, hyphens and oblique lines are neither preceded or followed by a space.

Bibliographical References

NB : when the publishing date of the edition that you have used is very distant from the date of its first publication you can indicate this between brackets with no italics after the title, before the comma.

Remember to put an unbreakable space after the full stop which follows the initial of a forename (before the surname).

In notes — Quoted works (study, edition, translation)

Initial of the first name (full first name if the author is mediaeval) Surname, Title of the book, Place, Publisher, coll. « name of the collection », date, p. xxx.

P. Zumthor, La Mesure du monde, Paris, Le Seuil, coll. « Poétique », 1993, p. 87.

Gervais de Tilbury, Le Livre des Merveilles. Divertissement pour un Empereur (Third part), trans. and comm. A. Duchesne, pref. J. Le Goff, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, coll. « La Roue à Livres », 1992.

Article in a review

Initial of the first name (full first name if the author is mediaeval) Surname, « Title de l’article »,

Title of the review or the periodical, [number, Arab or Roman numerals, respecting what is inscribed, not writing n°, but possibly, if need be, preceding this figure by t. or vol.], date, p. xxx-xxx.

R. Allers, « Les Ténèbres, le Silence et le Néant », Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, 2, avril-juin 1956, p. 131-154.

Article or chapter in a collective work

Initial of the first name (full first name if the author is mediaeval) Surname, « Title of the article », in First name Surname (dir.), Title of the book, Place, Publisher, coll. « name of the collection », date, p. xxx-xxx.

P. Bourgain, « Théorie littéraire. Le Moyen Âge latin », in J. Bessière, E. Kushner, R. Mortier, J. Weisgerber (dir.), Histoire des poétiques, Paris, PUF, 1997, p. 35-54.

Geoffroy de Vinsauf, Poetria Nova, ed. E. Faral, in Les Arts poétiques du XIIe et du XIIIe siècle. Recherches et documents sur la technique littéraire du Moyen Âge [1924], Paris/Geneva, Champion/Slatkine, 1982.

Quotations from documents consulted on internet

Surname, First name, date « Title of the publication ». Name of the website. Availability, date it was consulted.

Ex. : Bordenave Marie-France, 1999, « Les classifications ». CRDP d’Aquitaine, Site des documentalistes. Disponible sur asp?, consulted on 24 September 2004. 

In the final bibliography

Invert the surname and the initial of the author, put the surname first, except if it is a mediaeval author; the page references of quoted articles must be specified.

Chrétien de Troyes, Érec et Énide, ed. M. Roques, Paris, Champion, coll. « CFMA », 1978.

Roubaud J., La Belle Hortense, Paris, Le Seuil, coll. « Points », 1996.


  • art. cit. pour « article cited » (in Roman characters since it is a modern abbreviation and not from Latin)

  • Id. for « by the same author » or « in the same work ».
 Ibid. for « by the same author and in the same place ».
 op. cit. for« the cited work »

  • p. for « page(s) », t. for « tome(s), vol. for « volume(s) ». Use an unbreakable space before the abbreviating full stop and before the number

  • sq. for « and following »

  • ca for circa.

  • trans. for « translator» or for « translated by » ; ed. for « editor » or for « edited by » ; dir. for « directed by ».


  • Do not use images found on internet (very inferior quality); for publication, an illustration must have a minimum of 300 dpi 600 dpi ensures a better quality.

  • Before any image can be used please ensure that you have obtained the publishing rights, including for photographs. Consult the editors regarding any cost for this.

  • Remember the captions for illustrations.

  • Do not insert illustrations into the body of the text but provide them in a separate file. Indicate the point of insertion in the text by using [1], [Ill. 2]... [Ill. n]. The editors will do their best to insert the illustrations in the text or else to gather them at the end of the article.

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