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Dossier Wallis-et-Futuna

Wallis-et-Futuna (1942-1961) ou comment le fait migratoire transforma le protectorat en TOM

Frédéric Angleviel
p. 61-76

Abstracts

Thanks to new sources found in the archives, we will deal here with the final years of the protectorate in Wallis and Futuna, a period marked by the lasting impact of American presence. After their departure in 1946, Wallisians and Futunians knew how to avoid the erring ways of the cargo cult while integrating new relational practices to their highly stratified social organization. This transitional period witnessed the downfall of the commercial monoculture of the archipelago, the setting up of a migration scheme for workers and the emergence of political consciousness. Customary power – duplicated as it was by the spiritual influence of the Catholic clergy since 1837, and confronted to the temporal influence of the French resident since 1888 – indeed accepted the setting up of Western political institutions in 1959. If the 1961 statute remains unchanged to this day, the explanation lies in a highly rigid distribution of the five powers involved (customary, religious, administrative, commercial and finally political), initially aimed at keeping them in balance.

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References

Bibliographical reference

Frédéric Angleviel, « Wallis-et-Futuna (1942-1961) ou comment le fait migratoire transforma le protectorat en TOM », Journal de la Société des Océanistes, 122-123 | 2006, 61-76.

Electronic reference

Frédéric Angleviel, « Wallis-et-Futuna (1942-1961) ou comment le fait migratoire transforma le protectorat en TOM », Journal de la Société des Océanistes [Online], 122-123 | Année 2006, Online since 01 December 2009, connection on 29 September 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/jso/541 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/jso.541

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About the author

Frédéric Angleviel

Professeur en histoire contemporaine, université de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, angleviel@univ-nc.nc

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Copyright

Licence Creative Commons
Journal de la société des océanistes est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.

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