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Instructions for submitting papers

Instructions for submitting papers

Authors who wish to see their work published at Laboreal should follow a set of rules which are shown below. These are in order to make texts more readable and to simplify the electronic reproduction process.

1. Submitting a document

Submitted manuscripts must be original texts, aligned with the journal’s editorial policy and suitable for publication under one of its sections (cf. list of sections). Authors may submit the document either in Portuguese or Spanish, depending on the predefined layout (cf. section 3. “Presenting manuscripts”), through

Manuscripts should be sent to Laboreal together with a letter of request, signed by the author(s), explaining the intention to submit or resubmit the text for publication. This letter should include a statement that the submitted text and the referred research comply with the fundamental ethical principles established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE; available at As a member journal, Laboreal follows COPE’s guidelines.

2. The scientific peer review process

All manuscripts submitted by their authors are peer reviewed. Each manuscript goes through the following stages:


The members of the Editorial Committee read the manuscript and determine the its suitability according to the Journal’s editorial policy.


If the manuscript is accepted, the Editorial Committee assigns two experts to appraise the manuscript.


The manuscript is sent to the reviewers without the author’s name. This process is a double-blind process, since the reviewers do not know the author’s name and the reviewers, in turn, remain unknown to the author.


The reviewers fill out a referee report form and send it back to the Journal’s Editorial Committee within an agreed deadline.


Based on the two opinions, the Editorial Committee writes a single report to be sent back to the author. Provided that the reviewers make a recommendation for acceptance, the report includes a set of recommendations that must be implemented prior to the paper being published.


The author sends the final version of the paper to the Editorial Committee within the indicated deadline, along with a letter explaining the changes and justifying their options.


The Editorial Committee checks whether the experts’ recommendations were followed by the author and may require further changes. Once this process is concluded, it is decided whether the paper can approved for publishing.


Upon approval, the author (or each author, in case there is more than one) signs the copyright transfer and a statement of originality. Once the document is filled out and signed, it is sent to Laboreal via email or regular mail. This copy is kept in the Journal’s dossiers.


All dates regarding the peer review process are documented. If the paper is published, submission and acceptance after peer review dates are identified on the first page. Authors can expect to see their article published within no more than 12 months after submitting, as long as they meet the deadlines.

3. Presenting manuscripts

3.1. Manuscript’s sections

The papers for each section should be organized as follows:

3.1.1. Empirical research; Research instruments; Archaeology of knowledge; Notable works; Critical and topical reviews

Headings and their order

1. Section’s name in Portuguese

2. Title in Portuguese

3. Identification of the authors (professional affiliation; address; and e-mail address)

4. Abstract (max. 150 words) and keywords in Spanish (max. 5 words)

5. Body text (number the different parts that comprise the paper)

6. Notes (if applicable -- cf. 3.6)

7. References (APA format -- cf. 4)

8. Title in Spanish. Abstract (max. 150 words) and keywords in Portuguese (max. 5 words)

9. Title, abstract (max. 150 words) and keywords in French (max. 5 words)

10. Title, abstract (max. 150 words) and keywords in English (max. 5 words)

3.1.2. Reply papers; Thesis summary; Critical review of books; The dictionary; Reports on the work experience

Texts written in either Portuguese or Spanish (except with articles submitted as Thesis Summaries, in which case the text should be presented in both languages)

Headings and their order

1. Section’s name in Portuguese and in Spanish

2. Title in Portuguese

3. Author information (professional affiliation, address and e-mail address)

4. Body text (number the different parts that comprise the paper)

5. Notes (if applicable -- cf. 3.6)

6. References (APA format -- cf. 4)

7. Title in Spanish

8. Title in French

9. Title in English

3.1.3. Conference minutes; Could you repeat that?

These documents shall be published as a result of ad hoc protocols.

3.2. Rules for abstract writing

The abstract must be written in all of the following languages: Portuguese, Spanish, French and English. The author is responsible for the translations, guaranteeing the proper use of each language’s grammar and spelling rules.

There is a limit of 150 words for the abstract. It should be clear and easy to read, going through all the details that help the reader to understand the main contributions of the paper. The abstract must then describe the key elements in an way that is objective and concise – free from superfluous information or tables, pictures or references.

3.2.1. For the section "Empirical research" in particular, it is important that the abstract includes

  • the aim of the research;

  • a brief description of the research focus;

  • the methodology;

  • the site where the research took place (provided it is a relevant information);

  • outcomes, conclusions or consequences.

3.2.2. For the sections "Reports on the work experience", "Research instruments" and "Notable works", in particular, it is important that the abstract includes

  • main topic;

  • approach;

  • author’s point of view;

  • outcomes, conclusions or consequences.

3.2.3. For the sections "Archaeology of knowledge" and "Critical and topical review", in particular, it is important that the abstract includes

  • the scope of the analysis;

  • the period covered by the analysis;

  • the main source for the publications under analysis;

  • type of documents used;

  • author’s opinion, especially when it comes to express the main contribution of the analysis;

  • outcomes, stating which research lines are open to further research.

3.3. Keywords

The paper must include:

  • 3 to 5 keywords;

  • Keywords in four languages: Portuguese, Spanish, French, and English.

The purpose of the keywords is not to indicate the paper’s particularities, but to direct to its field or domain. Relevant keywords indicate:

  • the study or application domain;

  • the paper’s objectives;

  • the main concepts.

We recommend checking the existing thesauri from international databases for keywords (for instance, APA or Ergonomic Abstracts), in order to increase the chances of a quicker access to the article.

3.4. Limits for the length of the texts

The length of the documents depends upon the section in which it might be published (including graphics, tables and pictures). The maximum number of characters for each section (spaces included) is:

Empirical research

Reports on the work experience

Research instruments

Archaeology of knowledge

Notable works

Critical and topical review

75000 characters

Critical review of books

Thesis summary

Reply papers

The dictionary

15000 characters

3.5. Graphics, tables and pictures

Graphics, tables and pictures must follow the guidelines below:

  • The size must never be larger than the text zone;

  • Each graphic, table or picture must be captioned with an explanation of the main variables;

  • Pictures must be in JPEG format, with a minimum resolution of 200dpi;

  • They will be inserted in the text, but the author must also send them as separate files.

3.6. Footnotes and special characters

The text should not contain footnotes, but authors may use endnotes, which should be identified throughout the text and appear at the end, immediately before the article’s bibliography. The place where the note should be inserted is marked with square brackets and the number of the note in the text (e.g. [1]). The corresponding text appears toward the end of the text (e.g. [1] International Labour Organization).

Special characters – mathematical characters, etc. – should be inserted in the text in the form of symbols.

4. Bibliographical references

Laboreal follows the APA format, which is available at

4.1. References within the text

Reference notes inserted within the text should respect the author(s)–date format (the author’s last name followed by the date in which the document was published).


  • One author: (Gaudart, 2016)

  • Two authors: (Teiger & Lacomblez, 2013)

  • Three, four or five authors: the first time they are quoted all the names are referred - (Ravalet, Vincent-Geslin, Kaufmann, Viry, & Dubois, 2015). Subsequent quotes refer the name of the first author followed by “et al.” - (Ravalet et al., 2015)

  • Six or more authors: all the quotes along the text refer solely the name of the first author followed by “et al.”

  • Institutions as authors: the name of the institutions appears unabbreviated the first time. If they are easily recognized, initials may be used on subsequent references (APA, 2010). The name should be repeated in full if it is not immediately recognized - (Autoridade para as Condições de Trabalho, 2011).

  • Republications: both the publication and the republication dates should be mentioned - (Clot, 1995/2008).

When the authors are included in the body the word “and” should be added with the date in parentheses:

  • “The work developed by Teiger and Laville (1991) made it clear…”

Whenever the author refers to multiple works from the same author, the dates should be indicated in chronological order. If the same author published more than one work in the same year, letters should be used along with each year for a clearer distinction:

  • (Schwartz, 2000, 2004a, 2004b, 2012).

A short, direct quotation (up to 40 words) should be identified with quotation marks (“…”) and mention the its author, date and page number. Provided the transcription is translated, the expression “free translation” should be added after the page number. Furthermore, the quotation should be inserted in the text using exactly the same font.


  • In fact, the relationships between health and work are covered in a huge complexity, “they are neither unambiguous nor instantaneous” (Gollac & Volkoff, 2000, p. 23, free translation).

When the transcription is longer (over 40 words) a block quotation should be used – detached from the text and without quotation marks (referring the author, date, and page number where the excerpt can be found). If the extract is translated, the expression “free translation” should be added after the page number. The quotation’s font-size should also be smaller than the body.

Consequently, the focus on human action is shared and reinforced over again due to the health concept and experience,

(…) for man, to live means also to learn. I feel good, because I feel myself capable of taking responsibilities for my actions, of making things happen and of creating new connections among things that were not possible without me, but that wouldn’t be the same without them. This is why I feel the need to learn what they are so that I can change them (Canguilhem, 2002, p. 68, free translation).

4.2. Examples of references according to the APA format

The references are organized alphabetically and chronologically at the end of the paper.
These are some of the most common examples:

Same author, different publication years:

Reason, J. (2009). El error humano. Madrid: Editorial modus laborandi.
Reason, J. (2010). La contribución humana. Actos peligrosos y acciones ejemplares. Madrid: Editorial modus laborandi.

Single author or joint authorship:

Marquié, J. C. (2016). Le travail de nuit : conséquences sur le sommeil et les performances. Les Cahiers de l’Actif, 482, 27-42.

Marquié, J., & Gabaude, C. (2010). Aging, transportation and mobility: current issues. Le Travail Humain, 73, 1-5.

Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the book in italic (edition number).
City of publisher: Publisher.

Amalberti, R. (2013). Construir la seguridade: compromisos individuales y colectivos para afrontar los grandes riesgos. Madrid: Editorial modus laborandi.

Figueiredo, M. (2012/ 2016). A Face Oculta do Ouro Negro: trabalho, saúde e segurança na indústria petrolífera offshore da Bacia de Campos. Niterói: EdUFF.

Ramos, S. (2010). Envelhecimento, trabalho e cognição: do laboratório para o terreno na construção de uma alternativa metodológica. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.

Ravalet, E., Vincent-Geslin, S., Kaufmann, V., Viry, G., & Dubois, Y. (2015). Grandes mobilités liées au travail: perspective européenne. Paris: Economica.

Book chapter:

Chapter’s author, (Year in brackets).
Title of the book’s chapter. In Book authors (Mention whether the authors play the role of book editors – Eds. - or Organizers – Orgs. – or Directors – Dirs.), Book title in italic (chapter pages in the book). City of publisher: Publisher.

Barthe, B. (2015). La déstabilisation des horaires de travail. In A. Thébaud-Mony, Ph. Davezies, L. Vogel, & S. Volkoff (Dirs.),
Les risques du travail: pour ne pas perdre sa vie à la gagner (pp. 223-232). Paris: La Découverte.

Naville, P. (1997). El trabajo asalariado y su valor. In G. Friedmann, & P. Naville, (Dirs.), Tratado de sociología del trabajo II (pp. 113-134). México DF: Fondo de Cultura Economica.

Santos, M., & Lacomblez, M. (2016). Do artefacto ao instrumento: um modelo de avaliação das relações entre trabalho e saberes numa ação de formação. In W. Alves, & M. Machado (Eds.), Trabalho & saber: questões e preposições na interface entre trabalho e formação (pp. 13-32). Campinas: Mercado das Letras.

Journal article:

Author, (Year in brackets). Paper’s title. Journal’s title in italic. Volume (in italic), Number(s) (in italic), Paper’s pagination.

Gaudart, C. (2016). Activity, time and itineraries: for the integration of multiple times in the ergonomics analysis of work.
Le Travail Humain, 79(3), 209-232.

Lacomblez, M. (2018). Preclaridades da noção de representação. Fractal: Revista de Psicologia, 30(2), 86-93.

Masson, L. P., Brito, J., & Athayde, M. (2011). Dimensão relacional da atividade de cuidado e condições de trabalho de auxiliares de enfermagem em uma unidade neonatal. Physis, 21, 879-898.

Nusshold, P., & Poy, M. (2015). Ergonomie et psychodynamique du travail. La situation de la formation et la pratique professionnelle des deux approches en Argentine. Travailler, 34(2), 75-88.

Renteria-Pérez, E., & Malvezzi, S. (2009). Empleabilidad, cambios y exigencias psicosociales en el trabajo. Universitas Psychologica, 7(2), 319-334.

PhD or Master's Thesis:

Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the thesis in italic. Name of the academic qualification, Educational Institution, City.

Christo, C. S. (2013). Análise da atividade de supervisão do trabalho: um olhar psico-social para o gerenciamento na indústria (Tese de Doutoramento). Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Zavala, G. (2012). Innovación organizacional: sistemas de actividad, construcción de redes y prácticas asociadas a la adopción de tecnologías de gestión en la administración pública chilena (Tesis de Doctorado). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the report in italic. References of the report, City: Institution.

Castelhano, J., & Nogueira, S. (2011).
Género e trabalho: o processo de inserção feminina em profissões tradicionalmente masculinas. Relatório final do projeto PIHM/GC/0079/2008. Porto: FPCE-UP.

Author, (Year, month in brackets). Title of the presentation in italic. Conference name. City, Country, Month.

Cunha, L. (2016, Juin).
Entre recherche et intervention: traductions et rapatriements selon les territoires de la production de savoirs. Communication présentée à la Journées d’Étude Internationales « Le philosophe et l’enquête de terrain: le cas du travail contemporain », Paris, France.

Vasconcelos, R., & Silva, D. (2012, maio). Atentos sem saber a quê: debates no cruzamento entre a automação e segurança na atividade de controladores de processos industriais de risco. Comunicação apresentada no Seminário Internacional “Ergologia, Trabalho, Desenvolvimentos”, Porto, Portugal.

When the presentation is published in periodic minutes, it should follow the layout determined for journal articles.

Carta, G., Falzon, P., & Re, A. (2012). Internalisation de l’activité de maintenance de la signalisation sur le métro parisien : analyse ergonomique d’une transition organisationnelle. In Dessaigne, M-F., Pueyo, V., & Béguin, P. (Dirs.), Innovation et Travail, Sens et valeurs du changement : 47ème Congrès de la Societé d’Ergonomie de Langue Française (pp. 32-38). Lyon : GERRA.

Online documents:

Example (report):

International Transport Forum (2018). Safer roads with automated vehicles. Retrieved from

Example (non academic journal):

Goler, L., Gale, J., & Grant, A. (2016, November 9). Let’s Not Kill Performance Evaluations Yet. Harvard Business Review, pp. 90-94. Retrieved from

Exemplo (site/web post):

London School of Economics and Political Science (2019, March 7). Working in the ‘platform economy’: what is it really like? Retrieved April 4, 2019, from

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