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New Research on the Cities of the Megarid and the Megarian Foundations of the Black Sea: Archaeology, Epigraphy and History.
Denis Knoepfler
p. 36

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Source: La lettre, no. 35, December 2012

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1In July 2012, the Chair of Epigraphy and History of the Ancient Greek Cities and several Romanian institutions organized a symposium on the history, archaeology and epigraphy of Megara and its Black Sea colonies.

Caption: General view of the North-East necropolis of Megara by Yanni Chairetakis, courtesy of the Third Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities

2Located on the Isthmus of Corinth, the city of Megara played a vital role in Greek colonization, having founded several colonies in Sicily and on the Marmara Sea and Black Sea coasts during the archaic period. Although the Megarians played an important role in the Hellenization process in several Pontic territories, research on Megara in Greece and the Megarian colonies of the Black Sea is still underdeveloped and relatively unknown, unlike that on Sicily. As part of this research context, the speakers were asked to address the following themes:

3Colonization and contacts between the Megarian cities and the Aegean world: D. Knoepfler (Collège de France), I. Malkin (University of Tel-Aviv), A. Herda (University of Tübingen), C. W. Neeft (University of Amsterdam), R. Posamentir (University of Tübingen), T. Castelli (Université de Reims), V. Cojocaru (Institute of Archaeology, Iasi), F. Cordano (University of Milan).

4The Archaeology and Epigraphy of the Cities of the Megarid: Y. Kalliontzis (Collège de France), A. Robu (“V. Pârvan” Institute); representatives of the Greek Archaeological Service: P. Avgerinou, I. Svana, P. Valta, E. Tsalkou,
Y. Chairetakis, S. Dreni.

5Callatis and its Territory: New Research Developments: A. Avram (Université du Maine), I. Bîrzescu (“V. Pârvan” Institute), F. Panait-Bîrzescu (“V. Pârvan” Institute), M. Bărbulescu (“Ovidius” University, Constanta), L. Buzoianu (Museum of Archaeology, Constanta), G. Talmatchi (Museum of Archaeology, Constanta), N. Alexandru; representatives of the “Callatis” Museum: S. M. Colesniuc, M. Ionescu,
I. Pâslaru, T. Odobescu.

6Several papers discussed the problems raised by the Greek colonization phenomenon, looking at the terminology used in the specialized literature, the founding traditions, the institutions, and the funeral and epigraphic customs of Megara and its colonies. The participants expanded their field of research by presenting new documents from Megara and Callatis (now Mangalia, hence the choice of this Romanian city as a meeting place). The rescue excavations carried out in Megara revealed numerous tombs, public buildings and parts of the water ­supply system. The excavations in the territory of Megara, i.e. the Megarid, also proved particularly fruitful: a new sanctuary was found in Pagai, on the Corinthian Gulf coast, dating back to the archaic period. Likewise, the history of another site of the Megarid, Aigosthena, could be renewed thanks to the presentation of four new catalogues dating back to the period when this city belonged to the Beotian League.

7Inscriptions, coins, terracotta, and newly discovered papyrus from Callatis were examined through case studies, along with the funerary monuments and stelae of Chersonese, within the broader framework of Megarian colonization and the cities’ encounters with the Aegean world. Foreign relations were furthermore studied through the onosmatic and iconographic documentation from the colonies. Due to a lack of time, several Megarian settlements were not included in the programme and will probably be discussed at similar events organized in the future. The Mangalia symposium proceedings are scheduled for publication next year by De Boccard, Paris.

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Légende Caption: General view of the North-East necropolis of Megara by Yanni Chairetakis, courtesy of the Third Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities
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Référence électronique

Denis Knoepfler, « Megarika », La lettre du Collège de France [En ligne], 7 | 2015, mis en ligne le 02 novembre 2015, consulté le 12 décembre 2018. URL :

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Denis Knoepfler

Epigraphy and History of the Ancient Greek Cities

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