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Seigneuries insulaires : les Cyclades au temps de la domination latine (xiiie-xve siècle)

Insular Lordships : the Cyclades under Latin Rule (13th-15th Century)
Guillaume Saint-Guillain
p. 31-46

Abstracts

Insular Lordships : the Cyclades under Latin Rule (13th-15th Century). From the 13th to the 15th century, the Cyclades archipelago, of Greek population and Byzantine culture, was ruled by an elite of lords of Italian origin : this elite maintained its Latin identity and made it a marker of its social domination. Here, geographical and historical constraints gave medieval colonization an original form, the insular seigniory. Its primary purpose was to fix as much as possible a population whose insular situation exposed more than any other to the greed of enslaver pirates. The seigniory defined the forms of property, put the small communities in order by classifying the populations into dependent serfs and free people and consequently created income on the one hand, and on the other a managing frame for the labour force. It thus appears as an effective tool of development for the insular spaces, whose production, specially agricultural, it inserted into the Mediterranean trade network, drawing the islands out of seclusion. Partly thanks to it perhaps, the tenuous and parcelled insular societies of the south-west Aegean were practically the only ones among those born from the dismemberment of the Byzantine Empire at the beginning of the 13th century to preserve their form of organization until the eve of the modern era.

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References

Bibliographical reference

Guillaume Saint-Guillain, « Seigneuries insulaires : les Cyclades au temps de la domination latine (XIIIe-XVe siècle) », Médiévales, n° 47, Paris, PUV, automne 2004, p. 31-46.

Electronic reference

Guillaume Saint-Guillain, « Seigneuries insulaires : les Cyclades au temps de la domination latine (xiiie-xve siècle) », Médiévales [Online], 47 | automne 2004, Online since 13 April 2007, connection on 18 October 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/medievales/501 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/medievales.501

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About the author

Guillaume Saint-Guillain

Centre d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 52, rue du Cardinal -Lemoine, F-75005 Paris

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Copyright

Tous droits réservés

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