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Forum. Les statistiques de la Terreur

Towards a more critical understanding of the statistical indicators of Soviet repression and what they tell us

Stephen G. Wheatcroft
p. 187-204

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Our knowledge of the scale of repression and the scale of labour camps before the archives became available in the late 1980s-Censuses, employment and franchise data
The archival data on the scale of population in the Gulag and other penal establishments –Tsaplin, Zemskov, Polyan and misinterpretations over them
A brief chronological overview of the importance of different types of repression in the different penal institutions and of how they changed over time
Executions
Incarceration
Special Exiles
Conclusions

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Professor Khlevniuk’s article ‘Who and how many’ claims that there is an absence of knowledge or interest on the question of the overall number of victims of Stalinist terror and state repression, and he offers his explanation for this paucity of work or interest, before he attempts to fill the gap by producing a series of aggregate figures for different types of repression amongst different circles of victims. His first circle has 23-26 million victims who he claims directly experienced execution, imprisonment (in camps, colonies and prisons), and deportation. His second circle contained the relatives and friends of people in the first circle, who he numbers in tens of millions. A third circle contain all those people who felt terrorised. He had previously described his first circle as those experiencing “hard” repression and the other circles as people experiencing “soft” repression and had claimed that ‘Overall, the Stalinist dictatorship subjected at least 60 million people to s...

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Stephen G. Wheatcroft, « Towards a more critical understanding of the statistical indicators of Soviet repression and what they tell us »Cahiers du monde russe, 63/1 | 2022, 187-204.

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Stephen G. Wheatcroft, « Towards a more critical understanding of the statistical indicators of Soviet repression and what they tell us »Cahiers du monde russe [En ligne], 63/1 | 2022, mis en ligne le 02 janvier 2025, consulté le 20 mai 2022. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/monderusse/13124 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/monderusse.13124

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Auteur

Stephen G. Wheatcroft

University of Melbourne
s.wheatcroft[at]unimelb.edu.au

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Droits d’auteur

© École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris.

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