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In parentheses: Extrajudicial executions during the Great Patriotic War

Oleg Budnitskii
Traduction de Antony Kalashnikov
p. 223-239

Notes de l’auteur

This article is an output of a research project implemented as part of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE University).

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Plan

Executions in the Red Army
Summary executions of civilians
Partisan executions of collaborators
Conclusion

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In his remarkably interesting article, Oleg Khlevniuk leaves “in parentheses those wartime summary executions, which were a special case of emergency military measures.” Other historians, who examine the topic of wartime repression, also do not to consider the number of victims of extrajudicial executions.

In this article, I will attempt, firstly, to assess the prevalence of this phenomenon and its dynamics during the war, and secondly, to determine the sources that would, at minimum, allow for an approximate estimate of its scale and, accordingly, the number of victims of extrajudicial executions. I consider extrajudicial executions in the Red Army and executions of civilians by the military; executions carried out by the NKVD and its subsidiaries; executions of collaborators and those suspected of collaborating with the enemy by partisans. I believe that this inquiry is important for understanding both the history of wartime Stalinism, and the history of the war as such. I leave ou...

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Oleg Budnitskii, « In parentheses: Extrajudicial executions during the Great Patriotic War »Cahiers du monde russe, 63/1 | 2022, 223-239.

Référence électronique

Oleg Budnitskii, « In parentheses: Extrajudicial executions during the Great Patriotic War »Cahiers du monde russe [En ligne], 63/1 | 2022, mis en ligne le 02 janvier 2025, consulté le 20 mai 2022. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/monderusse/13140 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/monderusse.13140

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Auteur

Oleg Budnitskii

HSE University, Moscow
obudnitskiy[at]hse.ru

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© École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris.

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