Navigation – Plan du site

Texte intégral

Table 1.a - List of the assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe that have been subjected to use-wear analysis and for which data have been published as well as characteristics of the sites from which they came. Methods of study and literature references

 

Site (location)

Topography

Level / loci analysed

Chronology

Chrono-cultural characterization technological features

Bibliographic references

England

La Cotte de Saint Brelade (Manche)

cave

mostly A

MIS 6

typical Mousterian

Frame, 1986

Mesvin IV (Hainaut)

open air site

-

MIS 8 (200-300 ky)

-

Gysels, Cahen, 1981

 Belgium

 

proto-Mousterian or Early Mousterian

Collin, 1985-1986

 

Rémicourt (Liege)

open air site

series A and B

MIS 5b/5c, 100 ky

Mousterian

Bosquet, Jardon-Giner 1999; Bosquet et al., 2004

 

Spy (Namur)

cave

second level ossiferous

42-40 ky

Mousterian with bifacial tools

Coudenneau, 2013

Maastricht-Belvédère, site J (Limbourg)

open air site

-

Early Weichselian

Non-Levallois Mousterian

Roebroeks et al., 1997

 Netherlands

Maastricht-Belvédère, site K (Limbourg)

open air site

-

MIS 7 (250 ± 20 ky)

Mousterian

Rots, 2015b

 

Maastricht-Belvédère, sites B-G
(Limbourg)

open air site

IV C

MIS 7 (180-280 ky)

Mousterian

Van Gijn, 1989b

Gröbern (Sachsen-Anhalt)

open air site

-

-

-

Heussner, Weber, 1990
in Steguveit, 2003

 

Inden-Altdorf (North Rhine-Westphalia)

open air site

-

120-100 ky (beginning of MIS 5)

Micoquian of Central Europe

Pawlik, Thissen, 2011; 2017

 

Lehringen (Lower Saxony)

open air site

-

MIS 5a, 130-115 ky

-

Thieme, Veil, 1985

 Germany

Lichtenberg (Berlin)

open air site

-

57 ky

Micoquian of Central Europe

Veil et al., 1994

 

Neumark-Nord (Sachsen-Anhalt)

open air site

-

MIS 5e ?

-

Steguweit, 2003

 

Salzgitter Lebenstedt (Lower Saxony)

open air site

-

-

Micoquian of Central Europe

Let, 1988 in Steguweit, 2003

 

Sesselfelsgrotte (Bavaria)

cave

units A01 to 06

66 ky

Micoquian of Central Europe

Lass in Rots, 2009

 

 

units A06 and A08

66 ky

Micoquian of Central Europe

Rots, 2009, 2011, 2013

 

Wallertheim (Rhineland-Palatinate)

undertermined

layers A, D, E and F

Early Weichselian (MIS 5e-5c)

-

Steguweit, 2003

Hungary

Tata (Komárom-Esztergom)

undertermined

-

Early Weichselian

-

Steguweit, 2003

Austria

Lurgrotte (Styria)

cave

-

-

Mousterian

Derndarsky, 2006

Tunnelhölhe (Styria)

cave

-

-

Mousterian

Derndarsky, 2009

Attilly“Bois de la Bocquillière”
(Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

-

-

Mousterian with preferential Levallois debitage

Goval et al., 2015

 Northern France

Beauvais“La Justice” (Oise)

open air site

levels 1 and 2

55.6 ±4 ky

Mousterian with Discoid debitage

Coudenneau, 2013

 

Bettencourt-Saint-Ouen (Somme)

open air site

N2b, a, N1

MIS 5a (N2b) and MIS 5b (N2a)

Mousterian

Locht et al., 2002

 

 

N2b

75-85 ky

Mousterian

Rots, 2015b

Table 1.b - List of the assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe that have been subjected to use-wear analysis and for which data have been published as well as characteristics of the sites from which they came. Methods of study and literature references

 

Site (location)

Topography

Level / loci analysed

Chronology

Chrono-cultural characterization technological features

Bibliographic references

Biache-Saint-Vaast (Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

IIa

end of MIS 7 (175 ±13 TL)

Ferrassie Mousterian

Beyries, 1988b

 

 

Mousterian

Rots, 2013

 

Corbehem (Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

survey 1 and earthworks

Middle Weichselian

Typical Mousterian

Beyries, 1987a; Beyries, Boëda, 1983

 

Fresnoy-au-Val (Somme)

open air site

end of Early Weichselian

Mousterian with points

Goval, 2012; Goval et al., 2016

 

Havrincourt“Les Bosquets”
(Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

area 2
lower levels G, G1, G2

-

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Goval et al.,2013; Goval, Hérisson (dir.), en prép.

Northern France

 

area 1

-

Mousterian with preferential Levallois debitage

Goval et al., 2013; Goval et al., 2015;
Goval, Hérisson (dir.), en prép.

 

Hermies“Le Tio Marché” and “Champ Bruquette” (Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

MIS 5d to MIS 3

Mousterian with preferential Levallois debitage

Vallin et al., 2006; Goval, Hérisson (dir.), en prép.

 

Le Pucheuil (Haute-Normandie)

open air site

-

beginning of MIS 6

Mousterian

Lazuén, Delagnes, 2014

 

Riencourt-lès-Bapaume (Pas-de-Calais)

open air site

CA

MIS 5c (Early Weichselian)

Mousterian with blade production

Beyries, 1993b

 

Saint-Amand-les-Eaux (Nord)

open air site

-

50 ky

Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition

Claud 2014a, b; Feray (dir.), en prép.

 

Saint-Brice-sous-Rânes (Orne)

open air site

-

Early or Middle Weichselian: MIS 5 or 4 (80-40 ky)

Mousterian with bifacial tools

Cliquet, 2001

 

Therdonne (Oise)

open air site

N3

178 ± 11 ky: OIS 7a

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Coudenneau, 2013

Angé (Loir-et-Cher)

open air site

-

84 ky BP (MIS 5a)

Mousterian

Soressi, Locht, 2010; Locht et al., 2015

 Center-Northern France

La Folie (Vienne)

open air site

-

57.7 ± 2,4 ky

Atypical Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition (without bifaces)

Bourguignon et al., 2002

 

Grotte du Renne (Arcy-sur-Cure) (Yonne)

cave

La Rotonde

-

Typical Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Beyries, 1987a

 

Le Fond des Blanchards (Yonne)

open air site

level C

Early Weichselian or beginning of Middle Weichselian

Mousterian

Lhomme et al., 2007

 

 

level D1

Bayonne Jupiter (Pyrénées Atlantiques)

open air site

PM1

43 ky

Mousterian with fl e cleavers and Discoid debitage

Colonge et al., 2015; Colonge et al., 2017b

 

 

PM2

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Colonge et al., 2015; Colonge et al., 2017b

 South-Western France

Bouheben (Landes)

open air site

layers 1 and 2

Middle Pleistocene (layer 1) and MIS 6 (layer 2)

Mousterian (layer 2) and Mousterian / Late Acheulean (layer 1)

Villa, Lenoir, 2006; 2009

 

Bourg-Charente (Charente)

open air site

low density areas, L15 and L20

Mousterian

Connet et al., 2016

 

Bout des Vergnes (Dordogne)

open air site

-

50.3 ky ± 4,5

Mousterian with Discoid and Levallois debitage and bifaces

Ihuel (dir.), en prép.

 

Canolle (Dordogne)

open air site

-

-

Mousterian with bifaces

Bourguignon (dir.), en prép.

 

Cantalouette II (Dordogne)

open air site

-

60 ky

Mousterian

Bourguignon et al., 2008

Table 1.c - List of the assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe that have been subjected to use-wear analysis and for which data have been published as well as characteristics of the sites from which they came. Methods of study and literature references

 

Site (location)

Topography

Level / loci analysed

Chronology

Chrono-cultural characterization technological features

Bibliographic references

22, 25, 27

-

Quina Mousterian (22, 25)
+ Ferrassie Mousterian (27)

Anderson-Gerfaud, 1981

 

 Combe-Grenal (Dordogne)

cave

3 or F (13)

-

Denticulate Mousterian

Beyries, 1987a

 

 

21 to 24

-

Quina Mousterian

Beyries, Walter, 1996

 

Corbiac (Dordogne)

open air site

M, M1 and M2

MIS 3

Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition

Anderson-Gerfaud, 1981

 

Grotte de Portel ouest (Ariège)

cave

9

-

Charentian Mousterian

Prince, 2000

 

Grotte du Coustal (Corrèze)

cave

western area, layer 4

-

Mousterian

Fonton et al.,1991

 

Grotte XVI (Dordogne)

cave

-

65 ky

Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition

Soressi, Hays, 2003

 

Chez-Pinaud (Charente-Maritime)

rock shelter

US 022

Quina Mousterian

Claud et al.,2012

 

La Mouline (Dordogne)

open air site

locus 1

-

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Pasquini, 2003-2004;
Pasquini, 2008

 South-Western France

La Quina (Charente)

rock shelter

6a, 6b, 6c, 6d, 7, 8, L1, M1, M2

beginning of MIS 4, 57-71 ky

Quina Mousterian

Hardy, 2004

 

Abri du Musée (Dordogne)

rock shelter

-

-

Mousterian with Micoquian influences

Lemorini, 1998 ;
Coudenneau, 2005

 

Latrote (Landes)

open air site

-

MIS 3: 51.7 ± 7.3 ky

Vasconian

Bernard-Guelle et al., 2010, 2014

 

Les Bessinaudes (Dordogne)

open air site

-

80.4 ± 6 ky

Mousterian with Levallois debitage (Discoide and laminar) and bifaces

Chadelle et al., en prép.

 

Les Tares (Dordogne)

open air site

-

before MIS 6

Mousterian with Quina scrapers

Geneste, Plisson, 1996

 

Marillac (Charente)

aven

10

Quina Mousterian

Beyries, 1987a

 

Pech de l’Azé I (Dordogne)

rock shelter

4 to 7 or NS1 to NS3

MIS 3

Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition

Anderson-Gerfaud, 1981

 

Pech de l’Azé IV (Dordogne)

rock shelter

F1 to F4

 

Romentères (Landes)

open air site

serie A

MIS 6

Early Middle Paleolithic with bifaces

Lelouvier et al., 2012

 

Vaufrey (Dordogne)

cave

8

MIS 6 or 7

Typical Mousterian

Beyries, 1987a, b

 

Vieux-Coutets (Dordogne)

open air site

-

-

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Ortega (dir.), en prép.

Abri du Maras (Loire)

rock shelter

1 and 1’

Neronian

Metz, 2015

 South-Eastern France

Baume Vallée (Haute-Loire)

rock shelter

unit 1

before MIS 4

-

Raynal et al., 2005

 

Champ-Grand (Loire)

open air site

-

MIS 3 (50 ky)

Quina Mousterian of Rhone

de Araújo Igreja, 2008 ; Plisson, 2008

 

La Combette (Vaucluse)

rock shelter

A, B1, D

58 ky (beginning of MIS 3)

Mousterian with Quina scrapers

Lemorini, 2000;
Texier et al., 1996, 1998

Table 1.d - List of the assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe that have been subjected to use-wear analysis and for which data have been published as well as characteristics of the sites from which they came. Methods of study and literature references

 

Site (location)

Topography

Level / loci analysed

Chronology

Chrono-cultural characterization technological features

Bibliographic references

E

52-42 ky

Neronian

 

Mandrin (Drôme)

cave

D

before 42 ky

post-Neronian I

 Metz, 2015

 

 

B and C

before 42 ky

post-Neronian II

 

 South-Eastern France

 

F

-

Quina Mousterian of Rhone

 

 

Payre (Ardèche)

Ga, Fa, D

MIS 7 - 5

Mousterian

Borel, 2008

 

 

cave / rock shelter

Gb, Ga, Fd, Fc, Fb, Fa, D

125-250 ky (beg. MIS 5 - end MIS 8)

Mousterian

Hardy, Moncel, 2011

 

Pié-Lombard (Alpes-Maritimes)

cave

I

“Early Würm“

Typical Mousterian

Beyries, 1987a

Grotta Breuil (Latium)

cave

XX, 6, 3

-

Pontinian

Lemorini, 2000

 

Asolo (Veneto)

open air site

-

MIS 4 ou 3

-

Mussi, Villa, 2008

 Italia

Fumane (Veneto)

cave

BR4 and BR5

-

Pontinian

Lemorini et al., 1999

 

 

Discoid

-

Mousterian

Peresani et al., 2001

 

Ciota Ciara cave (Piemont)

cave

SU 13

MIS 5, 80-70 ky

Mousterian

Daffara et al., 2014

 

Oscurusciuto (Pouilles)

rock shelter

units 1, 2 and 8

MIS 3

Mousterian

Villa, Lenoir, 2009

 

Santa Croce (Pouilles)

cave

units 546 and 535

MIS 4

Mousterian

Arrighi et al., 2011

Abri del Pastor (Alicante)

rock shelter

-

-

Mousterian

Galvan Santos et al., 2007-2008

 

H, I, Ja

50 ky

Mousterian with Discoid debitage

Martínez et al., 2003

 

 

several

50 ky

Mousterian

Martínez-Molina, 2005, 2008

 

Abric Romaní (Catalogna)

rock shelter

several

50 ky

Mousterian

Martínez et al., 2005

 

 

0

56.8-49.5 ky

Mousterian with Levallois debitage

Gauvrit Roux, 2013

 

 

M

55-51 ky

Denticulate Mousterian

MartÌn-Viveros Dìas-Meco, 2016

 Péninsule ibérique

Amalda (Biscay)

cave

level IV

interglaciaire Riss-Würm

Mousterian

Rios-Garaizar, 2006, 2010

 

Arlanpe (Biscay)

cave

level D

57 ± 13 ky

-

Rios-Garaizar, 2013

 

Axlor (Biscaye)

cave

N, M and D

42 ky

Mousterian

Rios-Garaizar, 2006, 2010, 2016

 

cave

R

end of MIS 5 - beginning of MIS 4

Mousterian

Lazuén, Gonzales-Urquijo, 2014

 

Badaran (La Rioja)

open air site

-

-

-

Utrilla, Mazo, 1996

 

Bajondillo cave (Andalousie)

cave

Bj/14

end of MIS 3, 35-28 ky

Mousterian

Gibaja Bao, 2007; Cortéz-Sanchez et al., 2011b

 

Cova Eiros (Galice)

cave

3

second part of MIS 5

Mousterian

Lazuén, 2012b

 

3

second part of MIS 5

Mousterian

Lazuén et al., 2011

Table 1.e - List of the assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe that have been subjected to use-wear analysis and for which data have been published as well as characteristics of the sites from which they came. Methods of study and literature references

 

Site (location)

Topography

Level / loci analysed

Chronology

Chrono-cultural characterization technological features

Bibliographic references

Cueva Morín (Cantabria)

cave

16

beginning of MIS 4

Mousterian

Lazuén 2012a-b; Lazuén, Gonzales-Urquijo, 2014

 

 

 

18

MIS 4 to 3

Mousterian

Lazuén, Gonzales-Urquijo, 2014

 

El Castillo (Cantabria)

cave

20

end of MIS 5 - beginning of MIS 4

Mousterian

Lazuén, 2012b

 

El Esquilleu (Cantabria)

cave

XI and XI F

-

Mousterian

Márquez Mora, Preysler, 2002

Iberian Peninsula

El Salt (Alicante)

open air site

V to XIII

60-40 ky

Mousterian

Rodríguez Rodríguez et al., 2002

 

La Quebrada (South-East)

rock shelter

levels II and III

40-50 ky

Mousterian

Villaverde et al., 2012

 

La Verde (Cantabria)

open air site

-

end of MIS 6 - beginning of MIS 5

Mousterian

Lazuén, 2012b

 

Lezetxiki (Gipuzkoa)

undertermined

level VI

end of MIS 6 - beginning of MIS 5: 110-170 ka

Mousterian

Lazuén, 2012b

 

Ribeira Ponte da Pedra /Atalaia
(Estremadura)

open air site

-

end of Middle Pleistocene

-

Cristiani et al., 2009; Cura et al., 2014

 

San Quirce (Castille and León)

open air site

-

-

Mousterian

Clemente-Conte et al., 2012

Table 2.a - List of Middle Paleolithic Western European series having been the subject of use-wear analyses and whose data have been published: number and type of pieces examined, number of pieces with use-wear traces, raw materials represented and magnification used. For bibliographical references, see Table 1

 

Site

Number of pieces analysed

Number of pieces with
use-wear traces

Pieces analysed

Raw material

Magnification

England

La Cotte de Saint Brelade

367

138

resharpening flakes, retouched tools

flint

micro

Mesvin IV

27

19

levallois flakes, levallois points, naturally backed knives, bifaces, retouched flakes, denticulates, proto-limaces, side scrapers, retouched backed knives, pointed flake, notch, retouched backed knives, pointed flake, notche, tranchet falls

flint

micro

 Belgium

 

27

0

backed knives, side scrapers, endscrapers, denticulates, mousterian points, proto-limaces, backed bifaces

flint

micro

 

Rémicourt

180

52

elongated flakes, bifaces, side scrapers, endscrapers

flint

macro + micro

 

Spy

82

22

mousterian points

flint

macro + micro

Maastricht-Belvédère, site J

118

33

flakes and retouched tools (side scrapers, denticulates, mousterian points)

flint

macro + micro

 Netherlands

Maastricht-Belvédère, site K

52

14

tools: mostly points and backed knives

flint

macro (+ micro)

 

Maastricht-Belvédère, sites B-G

55

3

flakes and blades

flint

macro + micro

Gröbern

27

10

flakes, fragments

flint

macro + micro

 Germany

Inden-Altdorf

undertermined

120

retouched pieces and sample of flakes

flint

macro + micro
+ résidus

 

Lehringen

undertermined

3

levallois flakes

flint

micro

 

Lichtenberg

15

6

backed bifacial tools (Faustkeilblatt, Keilmesser and Blattförmiger Schaber)

flint

macro + micro

Table 2.b - List of Middle Paleolithic Western European series having been the subject of use-wear analyses and whose data have been published: number and type of pieces examined, number of pieces with use-wear traces, raw materials represented and magnification used. For bibliographical references, see Table 1

 

Site

Number of pieces analysed

Number of pieces with
use-wear traces

Pieces analysed

Raw material

Magnification

Neumark-Nord

136

47

flakes and retouched flakes

flint

macro

 

Salzgitter Lebenstedt

undertermined

undertermined

levallois flakes, side scrapers, Faustkeile

flint

micro

Germany

Sesselfelsgrotte

202

43

“microliths”, similar to scrapers of very small dimensions (less than 2 cm)

flint

undertermined

 

 

292

262 max

bifacial tools, mousterian tools (side scrapers, points, denticulates, notches, backed knives), Upper Paleolithic tool types (endscrapers, borers), retouched flakes, microliths and unmodified flakes

chert

macro + micro

 

Wallertheim

89

30 max

retouched (34) and unretouched flakes (55)

andésite, rhyolite, quartz, quartzite, agate

macro

Hungary

Tata

307

33

retouched and unretouched flakes

radiolarite

macro

Austria

Lurgrotte

15

4

unretouched flakes

quartz

macro + micro

 

Tunnelhölhe

50

11

retouched and unretouched flakes

quartz

macro + micro

Attilly“Bois de la Bocquillière“

7

3

retouched and unretouched Levallois flakes, mostly from preferential debitage

flint

macro

 

Beauvais“La Justice“

428

22

pseudo-Levallois points

flint

macro

 

Bettencourt-Saint-Ouen

307

38

flakes, blades, retouched and unretouched Levallois points, side scrapers

flint

macro + micro

 

 

27

18

Levallois points

flint

macro + micro

 

Biache-Saint-Vaast

26

undertermined

side scrapers

flint

micro

 

 

157

105 max

convergent pieces, side scrapers, Levallois flakes, tools with traces visible to the naked eye

flint

macro + micro

 

Corbehem

78

63

retouched tools and unretouched flakes

flint

micro

 

 

16

12

core-edge Levallois flakes

flint

micro

 Northern France

Fresnoy-au-Val

undertermined

2

unretouched Levallois points

flint

macro + micro

 

Havrincourt“Les Bosquets“

62

40

retouched and unretouched flakes, blades, points, naturally and retouched backed knives

flint

macro + résidus

 

 

8

3

retouched and unretouched Levallois flakes, mostly from preferential debitage

flint

macro

 

Hermies“Le Tio Marché” et “Champ Bruquette”

127

19

levallois flakes, from preferential debitage

flint

macro + micro

 

 

11

3

levallois flakes, from preferential debitage (10 from Tio Marché and 1 from Champ Bruquette) sampled by L. Vallin

flint

macro

 

Le Pucheuil

135

70

“Le Pucheuil” flakes (135 from 161) (secondary production of flakes)

flint

macro + micro

 

Riencourt-lès-Bapaume

178

95

unretouched flakes and blades, side scrapers

flint

micro

 

Saint-Amand-les-Eaux

52

47

bifaces, retouched and unretouched biface manufacturing flakes, other flakes

flint

macro

 

Saint-Brice-sous-Rânes

2

2

one bifacial tool (double side scraper with a bifacial retouch) and one simple side scraper

flint

micro

 

Therdonne

119

17

unretouched Levallois points

flint

macro (+ micro)

Table 2.c - List of Middle Paleolithic Western European series having been the subject of use-wear analyses and whose data have been published: number and type of pieces examined, number of pieces with use-wear traces, raw materials represented and magnification used. For bibliographical references, see Table 1

 

Site

Number of pieces analysed

Number of pieces with
use-wear traces

Pieces analysed

Raw material

Magnification

Angé

23

5

mousterian points

flint

nacked eye + macro

 Center-Northern France

La Folie

46

14

retouched and unretouched flakes

flint

micro

 

La Grotte du Renne (Arcy-sur-Cure)

48

23

retouched tools

flint, chert

micro

 

Le Fond des Blanchards

190

26

side scrapers

flint

macro

 

 

undertermined

1

hachoir

flint

macro

Bayonne Jupiter

300

8

flakes, pseudo-Levallois flakes, side scrapers, bifaces

flint

macro

 

 

77

9

bifaces, flakes, side scrapers

flint

macro

 

Bouheben

125

6

mousterian points, elongated mousterian points, convergent and déjeté side scrapers

flint

macro

 

Bourg-Charente

38

10

all tools and unretouched flakes from low density areas

flint

macro

 

Bout des Vergnes

97

17

bifaces, retouched tools, unretouched flakes (backed knives, pseudo-Levallois points, Levallois flakes, core-edge flakes)

flint

macro + micro

 

Canolle

707

15

tools on flakes (side scrapers, mousterian points, denticulates, retouched backed knife), bifaces, unretouched flakes

flint, jasper

macro + micro

 

Cantalouette II

52

83

39 retouched tools (points, denticulates, side scrapers, endscraper, thined and bifacially retouched tools), unretouched flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

Combe-Grenal

undertermined

4

retouched tools

flint

résidus

 

115

40

retouched tools and unretouched flakes

flint

micro

 

 

100

82

Quina side scrapers, notches and sharpening flakes

flint

micro + résidus

  South-Western France

Corbiac

62

62

retouched flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

Grotte de Portel ouest

1

1

bec with 2 notches

quartz

macro + résidus

 

Grotte du Coustal

11

1

flakes detached from a side scraper (side scraper used as core)

jasper

macro + micro

 

Grotte XVI

19

13

bifaces

flint

macro + micro

 

Chez-Pinaud

1200

98

Quina side srapers, bifacial side scraper manufacturing flakes, recycling flakes (unretouched and retouched), flakes from notches, recycled side scrapers

flint

macro + micro

 

La Mouline

87

46

retouched and unretouched flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

La Quina

300

148

randomly selected pieces recently excavated: flakes, side scrapers, denticulates, notches, cores

flint

macro + micro
+ résidus

 

L’abri du Musée

undertermined

68

retouched and unretouched flakes (?)

flint

macro + micro (?)

 

 

56

12

tools with lateral tranchet blow (some of them are bifacial: prondniks), other tools, flakes, tranchet fall

flint

macro

 

Latrote

93

38

tools, flakes, unretouched blades, pebbles

flint

macro + micro

 

Les Bessinaudes

284

22

retouched tools, some bifacial (mainly side scrapers and bifaces), flakes in non-local flint, unretouched flakes with a functional potential

flint

macro

Table 2.d - List of Middle Paleolithic Western European series having been the subject of use-wear analyses and whose data have been published: number and type of pieces examined, number of pieces with use-wear traces, raw materials represented and magnification used. For bibliographical references, see Table 1

 

Site

Number of pieces analysed

Number of pieces with
use-wear traces

Pieces analysed

Raw material

Magnification

Les Tares

221

66

Quina side scrapers, resharpening flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

Marillac

123

62

retouched tools

flint

micro

 South-Western France

Pech de l’Azé I

47

47

retouched tools

flint

macro + micro

 

Pech de l’Azé IV

113

113

retouched tools

flint

macro + micro
+ résidus

 

Romentères

21

13

unretouched flakes, pebble tools, side scrapers, denticulate, uniface, core

quartzite, flint

macro

 

Vaufrey

103

53

retouched tools and unretouched flakes

flint

micro

 

Vieux-Coutets

19

15

unretouched flakes, side scrapers, blades, biface

flint

macro + micro

Abri du Maras

18

5

broken pieces

flint

 

 

Baume Vallée

300

51

unretouched flakes and retouched tools

flint

macro

 

Champ-Grand

153

28

side scrapers, convergent pieces, limaces, flakes, bladelets, blades

flint

macro + micro

 

 

1

1

side scraper

rock cristal

macro + micro

 

La Combette

192

88

unretouched flakes, side scrapers

flint

macro + micro

Sud-Est de la France

852

597

unretouched flakes, points, retouched tools

flint

macro (+ micro)

 

 Mandrin

128

119

unretouched pseudo-Levallois points, troncated pseudo-Levallois points and Levallois points (retouched or unretouched points and micro-points)

flint

macro (+ micro)

 

 

38

11

flakes, side scrapers, blades, bladelets and undetermined pieces

flint

macro

 

 

6

3

points: 2 Levallois and 4 mousterian

flint

macro

 

Payre

13

4

retouched and unretouched flakes

quartz, quartzite

macro + micro (MEB)

 

 

182

125

retouched and unretouched flakes

flint

macro + micro
+ résidus

 

Pié-Lombard

22

8

retouched tools and unretouched flakes

flint, jasper

micro

Grotta Breuil

669

369

retouched tools and unretouched flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

Asolo

undertermined

1

unretouched levallois flakes and points

flint

macro

Italia

Fumane

25

17

Quina side scrapers

flint

macro

 

 

221

77

discoide flakes

flint

macro

 

Ciota Ciara cave

130

13

retouched tools (12) and unretouched flakes (118)

quartz, spongolite

macro + micro

 

Oscurusciuto

undertermined

6

mousterian points

flint

œil nu + macro

 

Santa Croce

229

60

flakes from full debitage (with discoide or elongated morphology) retouched or not, and sampling of other flakes

flint

macro surtout

Table 2.e - List of Middle Paleolithic Western European series having been the subject of use-wear analyses and whose data have been published: number and type of pieces examined, number of pieces with use-wear traces, raw materials represented and magnification used. For bibliographical references, see Table 1

 

Site

Number of pieces analysed

Number of pieces with
use-wear traces

Pieces analysed

Raw material

Magnification

Abri del Pastor

64

8

pointed tools: mousterian points, simple, double or convergent side scrapers on Levallois, seudo-Levallois or cortical flakes

flint

macro

 

63

undertermined

core-edge flakes, denticulates

flint, limestone

micro (MEB)

 

 Abric Romaní

211

35

flakes, denticulates, notches, side scrapers

flint

micro (MEB)

 

 

422

57

all well preserved retouched tools

flint

micro (MEB)

 

 

13

4

flakes and levallois points (retouched or not), notch

flint

macro + micro (MEB + optique)

 

 

13

4

unretouched flakes

 

 

 

Amalda

84

52

flakes (cortical, core-edge, Kombewa, resharpening), retouched or not (side scrapers, endscrapers, points, denticulates) and cores

mostly flint

macro + micro

 

Arlanpe

undertermined

undertermined

undertermined

flint, lutite

macro + micro

 

Axlor

10

5

points

flint

macro + micro

 

 

43 / 48

undertermined

side scrapers resharpening flakes, retouched or not

flint, quartzite, schiste

macro + micro

 

Badaran

11

5

flake cleavers

quartzite, flint

macro + micro

 

Bajondillo cave

296

123

unretouched flakes, blades, side scrapers, denticulates, endscrapers, notches, burins

flint

macro + micro

 Iberian Peninsula

Cova Eiros

5

2

levallois points

quartzite, quartz

macro

 

 

19

11

side scrapers, flakes, points, denticulates

 

macro + micro

 

103

58

unretouched flakes and retouched tools (side scrapers, points, denticulates)

flint, quartzite

macro + micro

 

 Cueva Morín

undertermined

5

points

flint

macro

 

 

19

undertermined

resharpening flakes, retouched or not

quartzite, flint

macro + micro

 

 

28 / 55

undertermined

flint, quartzite, rock cristal

macro + micro

 

El Castillo

undertermined

7

points

flint

macro

 

El Esquilleu

30

undertermined

side scrapers

quartzite

macro + micro + résidus

 

El Salt

195

45

side scrapers, denticulates, cores, Levallois flakes from full debitage, flakes from debitage preparating phase,
naturally backed knives, cortical flakes, fragments, debris, pebbles

flint, limestone
(pebbles)

macro + micro

 

La Quebrada

22

6

Levallois micro-flakes

flint

macro + micro

 

La Verde

undertermined

1

points

silicified sandstone

macro

 

Lezetxiki

undertermined

2

points

undertermined

macro

 

Ribeira Ponte da Pedra / Atalaia

17

17

unretouched flakes and flakes with uncertain retouch (edge damage due to use ?)

quartzite

macro + micro

 

San Quirce

328

52 max

flakes, denticulates, pebble tools

quartzite, quartz, flint

macro + micro

Haut de page

Pour citer cet article

Référence électronique

« Annex 1 », Palethnologie [En ligne], 10 | 2019, mis en ligne le 01 novembre 2019, consulté le 16 décembre 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/palethnologie/4245

Haut de page

Droits d’auteur

Licence Creative Commons
Palethnologie est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.

Haut de page
  • Logo Presses universitaires du Midi
  • Logo Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
  • Logo Travaux et Recherches archéologiques sur les Cultures, les Espaces et les Sociétés
  • Logo Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives
  • Logo Ministère de la Culture
  • OpenEdition Journals