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Scientific circulations since the early 20th century: new perspectives for studying

Special issue of Philosophia Scientiæ 23-3 (2019)

Guest editors: Yamina Bettahar (Archives Henri-Poincaré -- Philosophie et Recherches sur les Sciences et les Technologies (AHP-PReST) (CNRS-UL-US-UMR 7117) & MSH Lorraine), Denis Guthleben (comité pour l’histoire du CNRS, rédacteur en chef d’Histoire de la recherche contemporaine)

Submission deadline: July 2nd, 2018

Acceptance notification: October 1st, 2018

Final version due: April 1st, 2019

Please send submissions to: ,

 The international scientific circulations -and that of the scientific community as well- experienced an important development since World War II which became exponential in the last decades. However, in contrast to that of the international students, it has not attracted so much attention in the Social Sciences and Humanities. These sharp changes, of which any region of globe can be immune, was readily observed and commented, often with a high use of pre-established starting-points- among them the famous “brain-drain”-, although broadly nuanced in the last years- without deep insight in its refined structures and expressions. This prompted us to propose a thematic issue devoted to that circulations in order to sum up the studies in hand, to stimulate the reflection and to propose new approaches of analysis: originality of research paths is a determining aspect in the preparation of this issue, which does not strive to review renowned works but to target new working perspectives.

This issue will be largely devoted to recent history (from the beginning of the XXth century to nowadays, with a focus on the post-World War II era) for a better comprehending of evolutions occurring in these circulations as compared to previous periods, of the XIXth century classical science, generally better known. These recent circulations may exhibit different aspects, from the largest institutional dimension, like the setting up of big institutes at the world scale, to the most specific approach about certain communities or personalities who, through their actions, careers or private lives, have encouraged or reflected them. In this way, this issue will encourage interdisciplinary points of view, in connection with Sociology, which underline the role of actors from outside of the traditional institutions, like NGO’s, associations, professional networks and more and more amateurs participating to this movement.

Such an approach obviously brings about numerous new questions and problems. Among them should be highlighted the links between science and diplomacy, an old research topic but important to revisit: in which way the scientific circulations may influence the international relations and, in turn, may the latter encourage or inhibit the achievements of scientific projects? Is it absurd to think that the scientific cooperation constitutes a factor of peace? What were the roles of researchers in movement on the international stage and how are they changing at the digital age, in the more and more deep internationalization of the scientific programs or in the new strategies of recruitment of researchers (e.g. Euroaxess)?

The question of the gender is also a crucial aim in the debates which stake the circulating practices. Questioning these practices and finding out the sociological reality behind and evidencing the eventual tensions structuring the scientific area would be challenges at the times of internationalization.

Manuscripts should be submitted in French, or English, and prepared for anonymous peer review.

Abstracts in French, English, or German of 200-300 words in length should be included.

Articles should not exceed 50,000 characters (spaces and footnotes included).

Guidelines for authors are to be found on the journal’s website:


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