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9.2 | 2021
Grottes et dolmens

Relation entre les sépultures collectives de la fin du Néolithique dans le Sud de la France
Caves and dolmens. Relationship between late Neolithic collective burials in southern France
Grotte e dolmen. Relazione tra le sepolture collettive del tardo neolitico nel sud della Francia
Edited by Mélie Le Roy and Johanna Recchia-Quiniou
Grottes et dolmens
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ISBN 978-2-9581289-0-6

In the north-western Mediterranean basin, the end of the Neolithic period was marked by the emergence of numerous cultural groups and a multitude of geographical facies, characterised in funerary terms by the collective dimension of their burials. The latter were installed either in natural environments (caves, caves, shelters) or artificially constructed (dolmens, hypogees, etc.). If the geological substratum induces the installation of certain types of monuments, in areas with a high density of these two major types of tombs (Grands Causses, Provence, Cévennes, etc.), the environment and the geological context lends itself to each of these practices and cannot therefore constitute a single discriminating factor. Thus, several questions arise, on the anthropological, socio-cultural and structural levels. A round table bringing together the actors of research on these questions (archaeologists, specialists in megalithic architecture or the underground environment, biological anthropologists and specialists in artefacts) was held on 19 and 20 September 2019, at the MMSH in Aix-en-Provence, in a multi-disciplinary approach to discuss this funerary variability. This synthesis and first state of the art on the subject raises for the first time the question of the relationship between these different funerary contexts, which nevertheless present obvious common points. Until now, existing works have only dealt exclusively with one or the other type of grave.

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