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Beyond Aid: Policy Coherence and Europe’s Development Policy

Maurizio Carbone
Au-delà de l’aide : la cohérence des politiques de développement de l’Europe [fr]


Published by Palgrave Macmillan

This chapter discusses the evolution of the concept of policy coherence fordevelopment (PCD) since the beginning of the twenty-first century. It findsthat, despite rhetorical commitments made in various contexts, results havebeen modest, as governments in the North have found it difficult to go beyondtheir short-term political and economic interests. This chapter concentratesnot only on explanations related to the widened agenda in internationaldevelopment and the domestic structures within individual countries, butalso on two additional significant factors. First, the search for PCD can beunderstood as a rhetorical attempt to shift responsibilities from aid agenciesto actors involved in other public policy areas affecting developing countries.

Second, the two actors pushing the PCD agenda forward – the DevelopmentAssistance Committee (DAC) and the European Commission (EC) – have had otherinterests beyond development effectiveness. The EC has been concernedwith projecting a common European vision in international developmentand increasing the visibility of the European Union (EU) in internationalaffairs, while the DAC has tried to protect its role and relevance in the field of international development.

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Electronic reference

Maurizio Carbone, « Beyond Aid: Policy Coherence and Europe’s Development Policy »International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 3 | 2012, Online since 27 March 2012, connection on 07 August 2020. URL:; DOI:

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About the author

Maurizio Carbone

Professor of International Development and Jean Monnet Professor of EU External Relations in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Glasgow. He has previously taught at the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University and Duke University. He has held visiting research positions at the University of Cambridge, Sciences Po Paris, the European University Institute and Université Libre de Bruxelles. He has published extensively on the external relations of the European Union, foreign aid and the politics of international development. At the moment he is completing an edited volume on EU–Africa relations (forthcoming with Manchester University Press) and a book on the evolution of EU development policy (forthcoming with Oxford University Press).

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International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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