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Deuxième partie | Les organisations confessionnelles et le développement laïque

Faith-based Organisations, Development and the World Bank (abstract)

Jeffrey Haynes
p. 49-64
Les organisations confessionnelles, le développement et la Banque mondiale [fr]
المنظمات الدينية، التنمية والبنك الدولي [ar]


Faith-based organisations (FBOs) have increasingly become important actors in international development cooperation. Many international institutions recognise them as valuable partners and declare to have ‘mainstreamed faith’ within their own activities. But is this really the case? And how has this happened? Focusing on the activities of the World Bank in the 1995–2005 period, when, under the leadership of President James Wolfensohn and Katherine Marshall, then Head of the Bank’s Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics (DDVE), the institution engaged with some selected FBOs, this chapter enquires into the reasons for the Bank’s interest in faith as well as its sudden disappearance. It argues that the main rationale for engagement with faith lay in the disappointing results of previous secular strategies and the feeling that religion had a positive role to play in fighting poverty. However, diverging perceptions of poverty and development between states and religious entities, along with lingering suspicions among state officials about dealing with faith in the public realm, derailed the collaboration.

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Editors' notes

Paperback reference : Haynes, J. (2013) "Faith-based Organisations, Development and the World Bank", in International Development Policy: Religion and Development, No.4, Geneva: Graduate Institute Publications, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 49-64

Cite this article

Bibliographical reference

Jeffrey Haynes, “Faith-based Organisations, Development and the World Bank (abstract)”International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement, 4 | 2013, 49-64.

Electronic reference

Jeffrey Haynes, “Faith-based Organisations, Development and the World Bank (abstract)”International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 4 | 2013, Online since 14 February 2013, connection on 28 February 2021. URL:; DOI:

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About the author

Jeffrey Haynes

Associate Dean of the Faculty of Law, Governance and International Relations, Director of the Centre for the Study of Religion, Conflict and Cooperation, and Professor of Politics at London Metropolitan University. He has widely published and is a recognised authority in religion and international relations, religion and politics, democracy and democratisation, development studies, comparative politics, and globalisation. He is also convenor of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR’s) Religion and Politics Standing Group, Chair of the International Political Science Association’s Research Committee on ‘Religion and Politics’, and co-editor of the journal Democratization.

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Creative Commons License
International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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