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Created in March 1974, on the basis of theoretical renovation of teaching contents and pedagogical innovation, the journal Pratiques has the originality of being a place of multidisciplinary confrontation and theoretical debates focused on the didactics of French, linguistics and literature.

Pratiques is published twice a year, with the support of a scientific committee and an editorial board. Its aim is to contribute to the elaboration and dissemination of knowledge in language sciences and literary studies and to develop the didactics of French through historical, epistemological and praxeological research.

All the past issues (1974-2008) are now available on Persée.

Latest issue
199-200 | 2023
Discours animaux, discours sur les animaux

Nouvelles perspectives en analyse du discours, recherche littéraire et didactique
Animal Discourses, Discourses on animals. New perspectives in discourse analysis, literary research and didactics
Edited by Sophie Milcent-Lawson

This multi-disciplinary issue (linguistics, literature, didactics) aims to highlight emerging corpora that are destined  to be incorporated into the range of texts taught and analyzed in schools and universities, as part of the dynamic development of environmental humanities. The studies gathered here shed light on the issues at stake in textual and iconographic productions that both stage animal "discourses" and convey a discourse on animals, while providing innovative analytical tools and illustrating emerging methodologies in the field. The dossier includes twenty contributions. The articles are divided into four sections according to their linguistic, literary or didactic focus, although the majority of the works presented cross these different perspectives.
The first section features four studies developing theoretical approaches and linguistic proposals inspired by semiolinguistics, enaction, enunciative analysis of the notion of point of view and sociostylistics. The second section analyzes how certain advertising, argumentative (from essays as well as fiction) and iconographic discourses convey discourses on animals, notably through the themes of hunting and bullfighting, or the animal suffering, problematized in its relationship to art. The third section, entitled "Literary deployments and stylistic horizons", presents a panorama of the issues and modalities specific to literary works that give voice and impute discourses to animals, drawing on bodies of work from the 16th century to the present day. The wide variety of poetic and linguistic forms that these imaginary speeches can take on becomes apparent and the outlines of a shift in the way we represent animals start to emerge. The fourth and final section offers didactic proposals from kindergarten to university, illustrating the wealth of corpora featuring animals. From a teaching perspective, the four studies in this section address both the issues raised by the animal question and the linguistic and discursive challenges that it is possible to tackle in texts when the point of view of living beings other than humans is taken into consideration.
This issue is rounded out by a number of critical reviews related to the animal theme. It concludes with two special varia articles, one of which echoes the recent debate on the need for spelling reform.

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