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L’« histoire » chez Diderot

Thierry Ottaviani
p. 81-92

Abstracts

‘ History’ in Diderot
In the Histoire des Deux Indes, Diderot affirms that natural history is in decline and predicts a great future for philosophical history. This judgement, already foreshadowed in the Interprétation de la nature in 1753, is part of a cyclical conception of public interest in science. Diderot’s own point of view changed around 1770, when he began to see history as largety anthropological, concerned with utility, and political, fighting against political and religious tyrany. Although he condemned the old chronicles which were confused, biassed and contradictory, he nevertheless admired the classical figures of heroes and great men, from both a moral and aesthetic point of view, as can be seen in his Essay on Seneca. From his articles in the Encyclopédie to his contributions to the Histoire des Deux Indes, we can see the development of bis conception of an ‘experimental’ and philosophical history.

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References

Bibliographical reference

Thierry Ottaviani, « L’« histoire » chez Diderot », Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie, 30 | 2001, 81-92.

Electronic reference

Thierry Ottaviani, « L’« histoire » chez Diderot », Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie [Online], 30 | avril 2001, Online since 17 June 2006, connection on 18 June 2018. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/rde/66

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