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L’horizon de rétrospection des grammairiens de l’Encyclopédie

Sylvain Auroux and Bernard Colombat

Abstracts

The retrospective horizon of the Encyclopédie’s grammarians
This article draws up the inventory of the authors and works quoted in the Encyclopédie articles devoted to language, languages, and grammar. Taken as a whole, these authors constitute what can be called the retrospective horizon of the Encyclopédie’s grammarians, the most important of whom were Dumarsais and Beauzée. The list shows in particular : 1. the large place devoted to classical Greek and Latin authors and an almost total absence of Mediaeval references ; 2. for the 16th Century, the dominance of Sanctius and Jules-César Scaliger ; 3. for the 17th Century, the predominant place occupied by Port- Royal ; 4. for the 18th Century, the importance of French grammarians, above all Dumarsais, frequently quoted by his successor Beauzée. The retrospective horizon of the Encyclopédie’s grammarians goes a long way back in time and is generally in the tradition of Latin grammar. But it also finds a place for phonetics and Hebrew and shows interest for both descriptions of the vernacular (mainly French but also Italian) and more exotic languages, using studies by orientalists, Celtic specialists, missionaries and travellers. This article includes a list of the authors and works quoted in the Encyclopédie’s language articles (given in alphabetical order and by period) and a list of the articles concerned.

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References

Electronic reference

Sylvain Auroux and Bernard Colombat, “L’horizon de rétrospection des grammairiens de l’EncyclopédieRecherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie [Online], 27 | 1999, Online since 04 August 2007, connection on 29 November 2021. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/rde/821; DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/rde.821

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Copyright

Propriété intellectuelle

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