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8 | 2e semestre / Autumn 2010

From financialization of economies to evaluation of economists

Unlike recent issues of the Revue de la Régulation. Régulation Review, this one does not include a special thematic issue. Nevertheless, two related questions run through it: financial governance and the importance of rankings for research evaluations and subsidies.

The first two articles deal with the way rankings of research activity, on the one hand, and the qualification – or rather, quantification – of knowledge, on the other, are produced. These rankings imply a competition between researchers and universities. The well-known Shanghai Ranking (ARWU), which is closely interpreted here by Jean-Charles Billaut, Denis Bouyssou and Philippe Vyncke, is indicative of the numerous biases and failings of such rankings. David Pontille and Didier Torny’s meticulous study on the genesis of the rankings of economics and management journals is the first of a series of articles, from a sociological perspective in particular, which will deal with the social construction of the economist’s profession. As such, it reflects the Revue de la Régulation. Régulation Review’s commitment to exchanges with the other social sciences. But these articles are also part of a broader reflection on the evolution and crisis of economic thought, following the call for submissions which has provided material for this issue and others to come. (...)