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4. Contagion et expérimentation

Quand les cercles vicieux deviennent vertueux : une expérience de marché cobweb circulaire

Angela Sutan and Marc Willinger
p. 267-289

Abstracts

Participants in cobweb experimental markets simultaneously take two decisions : a production decision and a price forecast. In this paper we try to neutralize the strategic behaviour commonly observed in this type of markets (Sutan and Willinger, 2002, 2003) in order to restore the coherence of the production decisions and price forecasts. This is done by introducing into the experimental design a circularity operator by the means of which each producer becomes a pure price taker and has to make a guess about a price determined by the production decisions of all other agents in the market (except himself). With this procedure we eliminate individual market power, by generating a situation of local asymmetrical interaction : each producer i acts as a price-taker on his own market, while the n-i remaining producers are price-makers. However, from a global point of view, all the subjects are inter-connected, and therefore are perfectly symmetric. Each subject assumes fundamentally two roles : he acts as a price-taker on his own market since his production decision does not affect his own price, but he acts as a price-maker on the other players' markets, since his production decision affects other players' market price. Such circular links between agents can be vicious, because if a single agent adopts a risky behaviour, he drives all markets in which he is involved in the same direction. However, we make the assumption that circularity could eliminate the non-coherent behaviours and transform the producers into real price-takers (it becomes virtuous). This assumption is tested experimentally. We show that : i) prices are stationary around the rational expectations equilibrium ; ii) subjects do not exhibit strategic behaviour even in the first part of the experiment ; iii) the subjects' forecasts come very close to the equilibrium ; iv) price series on various markets are correlated ; v) over time, participants take into account the prices and their individual production while forecasting, a proof of their ability of sophistication and comprehension of the interactions in the market.

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References

Bibliographical reference

Angela Sutan and Marc Willinger, « Quand les cercles vicieux deviennent vertueux : une expérience de marché cobweb circulaire », Revue d'économie industrielle, 114-115 | 2006, 267-289.

Electronic reference

Angela Sutan and Marc Willinger, « Quand les cercles vicieux deviennent vertueux : une expérience de marché cobweb circulaire », Revue d'économie industrielle [Online], 114-115 | 2e-3e trimestre 2006, Online since 03 December 2007, connection on 30 July 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/rei/434 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/rei.434

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About the authors

Angela Sutan

Professeur à l’École supérieure de Commerce de Dijon et membre du CEREN. Son champ de recherche couvre l’économie expérimentale, les questions liées à la confiance, la réciprocité et l’envie, et la  théorie du consommateur.

Marc Willinger

Professeur à l’Université de Montpellier 1, membre de l’Institut Universitaire de France et du LAMETA. Ses champs de recherche sont la micro-économie et l’économie expérimentale.

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© Revue d’économie industrielle

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