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Exploring the economic and social impacts of Industry 4.0

Explorer les impacts économiques et sociaux de l’Industrie 4.0
Cécile Cézanne, Edward Lorenz et Laurence Saglietto
p. 11-35

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1. The impact of new automation technologies on the labour market
1.1. Robots and technological unemployment
1.2. The debate on the impact of artificial intelligence on the future of work
1.3. Implications for wage inequality
2. The restructuring of value chains and transformation of logistics
2.1. The impacts of smart innovations on supply chains
2.2. Industry 4.0, supply chain management and performance
2.3. The debate on the impact of Industry 4.0 on global value chains and the international division of labor
3. Industry 4.0 and the challenge of environmental sustainability
3.1. Improving corporate environmental performance
3.2. Acting for the sustainability of territorial areas
4. Contributions to the Special Issue

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After the mass production and automation that characterised the 20th century, recent technological breakthroughs including advanced robotics, artificial intelligence, big data analytics, augmented and virtual reality, the Internet of Things (IoT) and 3D printing are seen as set to change the way we work and live (OECD, 2018, Pereira & Romero, 2017; Frank et al., 2019). The changes are summed up under the notion of Industry 4.0 in reference to the program put in place by the Federal government in Germany in 2011 to drive the digital transformation of its industry. The German initiative inspired similar programs in other European nations and was progressively adopted by countries around the world, thus initiating what is called the 4th industrial revolution. (Kagermann et al., 2011, 2013; Ardito et al., 2019). Industry 4.0 is characterised by the integration of different digital-based technologies in the production process in order to increase enterprise efficiency and competitiveness...

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Cécile Cézanne, Edward Lorenz et Laurence Saglietto, « Exploring the economic and social impacts of Industry 4.0 », Revue d'économie industrielle, 169 | 2020, 11-35.

Référence électronique

Cécile Cézanne, Edward Lorenz et Laurence Saglietto, « Exploring the economic and social impacts of Industry 4.0 », Revue d'économie industrielle [En ligne], 169 | 1er trimestre 2020, mis en ligne le 05 janvier 2023, consulté le 20 janvier 2021. URL : ; DOI :

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