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Ressources électroniques

Ressources électroniques. La sélection d'Aldébaran

Anaïs Salamon, Annick Richard et Véronique Ginouvès

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1La rubrique « Ressources en ligne » est un extrait de la revue électronique Aldébaran, http://aldebaran.revues.org

2Cette revue signale des ressources documentaires et des informations diverses en sciences humaines et sociales, par des notices de sites et des conseils de recherche. Dans chaque numéro de la Remmm, une sélection de ressources en ligne, en rapport avec le thème du dossier, est proposée. Les notices présentées dans ce numéro ont été rédigées par Annick Richard (Médiathèque de la MMSH, Aix en Provence, France), Anaïs Salamon (Université Mc Gill, Montréal, Canada), et Véronique Ginouvès (phonothèque de la MMSH, Aix en Provence, France).

 Sélection de ressources en lien avec le dossier 147 Fragments palestiniens

The Center for Palestine Studies (CPS)

3https://journals.openedition.org/aldebaran/7651

4The Center for Palestine Studies (CPS) was established in 2010 to honor the memory of Edward Said (1934-2003) who taught English and Comparative Literature for forty years at Columbia University. Aiming at supporting and promoting the academic research and teaching on Palestine within the University and beyond, CPS acts not only as a home for local faculty, post-doctoral researchers, and students in a wide-range of disciplins, but also as a connector with other institutions and scholars to strengthen the scholarly study of Palestine and Palestinians throughout the World.

5CPS oversees a number of research projects aimed at making available research materials, and in particular primary source matetrials, to scholars interested in Palestine and the Palestinians:

61. Al Quds Archive was developed in collaboration with the Institute for Palestine Studies in Ramallah and makes available issues 1 to 391 of the privately owned daily newspaper Al-Quds established in 1908.

72. Dream of a Nation is a based film project aiming at preserving and promoting Palestinian cinema and filmmakers.

83. Edward Said Archive is a collection of resources (personal archives, lectures, interviews and documentaries, bibliographies, etc.) on Edward Said (1935-2003).

94. Palestinian village histories, geographies of the displaced documents the depopulation and destruction of almost 40 villages in 1948 by collecting and publishing personnal accounts of people who remember the villages.

105. Families interrupted is a series of anonymous photographical portraits capturing the day-to-day reality of Palestinian families living under Israeli occupation.

116. The Nakba Files is a project conducted in collaboration with Adalah, the legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, exploring "new approaches to Law in Israel/Palestine."

127. Palestinians and the city focuses on how Palestinian writers perceive their city/village or origin, drawing a literary map of Palestine.

138. Oral history project was launched in January 2010 in Bourj al-Barajneh, a refugee camp in Lebanon, when a group of young people decided to record interviews of elders of the camp focusing on village customs and traditions, special dishes and accents, and village economies and relations with towns.

149. Jerusalem Maps makes available maps of Jerusalem, both historical and contemporary, to serve as a tool for researchers.

1510. Postcard collection makes available historical postcards of Palestine documenting the human existence of Palestinians, some acts of resistance to occupation, as well as monuments and places.

1611. Palestine poster project makes available an interesting collection of historical posters donated to Columbia University Library by the Palestine Poster Project Archive.

17Terms of use for materials in these collections are not always clearly stated, and may vary from one collection to another: researchers should contact the appropriate project team to inquire about any restrictions before using, reproducing, publishing any image, map or textual content.

18The Center for Palestine Studies portal is in English.

The Palestinian Revolution

19https://journals.openedition.org/aldebaran/7586

20The Palestinian Revolution is an online learning and teaching resource exploring the Palestinian revolutionary culture between 1948 and 1982. Initiated by Dr Karma Nabulsi (Oxford University) the site is co-authored, curated, and edited by Professors Nabulsi and Abdel Razzaq Takriti (University of Houston) and supported by numerous individuals (Abdel Mohsen Qattan, Dr Nabil Qaddumi, Hani Kalouti, Samir Ghalib Younis, Rana Sadik, and Sawsan Asfar) and institutions (the Oxford Palestine Archive Foundation, South Africa Democracy Education Trust, the Museum of the History of the Cuban Revolution), The project is now affiliated with the Centre for Palestine Studies at SOAS (University of London), the European Centre for Palestine Studies at Exeter University, Bir Zeit University, An-Najah University, the Abu Jihad Centre at Al-Quds University all in Palestine, the Arab-American Educational Foundation Chair at the University of Houston, the Institute of Palestine Studies Library in Beirut, the Historical Institute at Havana, the Centre for Education and Transformation (CERT) at the Faculty of Education of the University of Johannesburg.

21The Palestinian Revolution is made of three modules:

221. Teach the Revolution is a 12-weeks course touching on the following themes: 

  • The Nakba Generation

  • Transnational Revolutionaries: Palestinians in the Arab Armies, Unions, Anti-Colonial Movements & Parties in the 1950s

  • Dreaming Revolution: Clandestine Networks and Public Associations, 1951-1967

  • From the Establishment of the PLO to the 1967 Naksa and the Rise of Revolutionary Legitimacy

  • Revolutionary Thought and Practice

  • Revolution on the Borders: Jordan

  • Revolution on the Borders II: The Resistance in Lebanon, 1969-1976

  • From the Defense of the South to the Siege of Beirut

  • Palestine in the World: Palestinian Solidarity and Solidarity with Palestine

  • Revolutionary Culture

  • Inside the Prisons

  • Revolutionary Diplomacy.

23This module is aimed at supporting lecturers, advanced undergraduate or graduate students, researchers as well as for the general public. "Each topic can be studied using primary sources and writings from the period, selected to provide diverse written and oral history coverage, and featuring memoirs, interviews, communiqués, resolutions, declarations, photographs, videos, songs, posters, and excerpts from revolutionary publications."

242. Learn the Revolution is an online gallery exploring the following subjects:

  • revolutionary movements

  • revolutionary moments

  • revolutionary culture.

25To do so, it looks at "some core aspects of the Palestinian revolutionary life presented through the voices of the cadres of the Palestinian revolution." This section includes oral testimonies filmed in Palestine, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the United Kingdom.

263. Cadres features interviews conducted with Palestinian revolutionary cadres who were active between the early 1950s and the late 1970s chosen from a larger oral history collection gathered in Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, and the United Kingdom between 2009 and 2016. Available on the Learn Palestine Youtube channel, the interviews are subtitled in English. These oral testimonies will be useful to teachers, researchers, the general public, as well as political theorists, scholars of revolution, and students of anti-colonialism, republicanism, tricontinentalism, national liberation movements, labour, race, gender, Middle East studies, etc.

27With regards to conditions applicable to materials use, it is important to note that The Palestinian Revolution "is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives. All material on the website must be attributed to the author(s) or original copyright holder. Website content cannot be used for commercial purposes under any circumstances. Derivative works cannot be created without permission."

28The website is bilingual Arabic/English.

Palestinian Journeys

29https://journals.openedition.org/aldebaran/7509

30Palestinian Journeys is a collaborative project of the Palestinian Museum and the Institute for Palestine Studies. The Palestinian Museum is an independent institution founded in 1997 by the Taawon Welfare Association with the goal of promoting a dynamic vision of Palestinian culture engaged with new perspectives on history, society and culture. The Institute for Palestine Studies is an independent not-for-profit research institution founded in 1963 to document Palestine and and publish ground-breaking scholarship on historical and contemporary Palestine.

31Palestinian Journeys is powered by Visualizing Palestine, an independent, non-profit laboratory for innovation creating data-driven tools to propose a factual, rights-based narrative of the Palestinian-Israeli realities.

32The Palestinian Journeys platform is searchable and discoverable via two entries on the left-hand side of the screen: the “Timeline,” and the “Stories.

33The Timeline, "an ever-growing encyclopedic collection of historical events, biographies, themed chronologies". Originally  created by the Institute for Palestine Studies, it aims at highlighting historical, socioeconomic and cultural themes, relying on historical documents, and multimedia content. From within the timeline, various categories are available:

  • Overall Chronology covering from 1500 A.D. to 2016 A.D.

  • Thematic Chronologies browsable either by subject (Colonization, Diplomatic, Institutional, Legal, Policy/Program, Sanctions, Violence) or by date

  • Highlights pointing to significant events subdivided by subject (Biographical, Colonization, Contextual, Cultural, Diplomatic, Institutional, Legal, Policy/Program, Popular Action, Sanctions, Socioeconomic, Violence)

  • Biographies sub-divided by profession (Artists, Businessmen and Economists, Clerics, Educators, Feminist Figures, Journalists, Poets, Political Leaders, Politicians,  Revolutionaries and Activists, Scholars and Historians, Trade Unionists, Writers and Novelists)

  • Documents sub-divided by type (Chart, Illustration, Map, Photograph, Text)

34The Stories section, a continually updated collection of Palestinian testimonies and accounts, is an original creation of the Palestinian Museum. It aims at making widely available "marginalized and forgotten narratives about the Palestinian experience, highlighting unknown stories, personal accounts, oral histories, and undiscovered experiences" and "emphasizes how the Palestinian people took part in forging their own history. " The Stories can be filtered either by theme (Arts & Culture, Economy, Society, War & Resistance, Women) or by by period:

  1. Ottoman Rule

  2. Early Mandate Period

  3. Second Mandate Period

  4. The Palestine War and the Nakba

  5. Reverberation of 1948 Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

  6. The Rise of the Palestinian Movement in the Wake of the 1967 Arab Defeat

  7. From a Sense of Victory to separate Peace and civil War

  8. Palestinian Defeat, Division and Survival

  9. The first Intifada and the beginning of Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations

  10. The Oslo process and the establishment of the Palestinian Authority

  11. The Aqsa Intifada and the end of an Era in Palestinian Politics

  12. A Palestinian Authority divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza and Peace process Setbacks.

35In addition, an "Inspire me" category allows visitors to discover the Palestinian Journeys through a selection of marking moments, events, and characters, and a search feature allows visitors to focus on a specific event or theme they are interested in.

36Documents are presented with a short description including source/provenance, and sometimes related content is suggested.

37The interface is bilingual English-Arabic.

Synthèse réflexive de sources accessibles sur le web sur la question Palestinienne par Jean-François Legrain (IREMAM)

38https://journals.openedition.org/aldebaran/7652

39Dès 1999, le chercheur Jean-François Legrain a repéré et analysé différents sites sur la question palestinienne. Il les a présenté sur des pages web organisées, aujourd’hui hébergées sur le site de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée (MOM) Jean Pouilloux. Historien arabisant, chercheur au CNRS rattaché à l’IREMAM, Jean-François Legrain a voulu dès les début de l’Internet faciliter les recherches des internautes en leur proposant des avis et des analyses sur la fiabilité de l’information face au nombreux sites sur la Palestine, dans toutes les langues – avec une dominante sur les langues arabe et française. Certains des sites répertoriés, mal référencés par les moteurs de recherche, sont d’ailleurs parfois difficilement accessibles ou ont été fermés.

40En 2020, outre la synthèse principale qu’il a nommée « Palestine on Web » (mise à jour régulière depuis 1999), les pages de la MOM donnnet à lire une série de quatre autres guides sur des thématiques aussi diverses que l’Intifada (2005), les élections législatives palestiniennes (2005), l'élection présidentielle palestinienne de 1996 et les brigades des martyrs d’Al-Aqsa (2019). Cet ensemble a été complété en 2019 par un guide méthodologique, fruit de l’expérience de l’auteur sur sa pratique professionnelle du web : Une pratique historienne du web : problématique, outils et mise en œuvre pour un objet d’histoire immédiate.

41Jean François Legrain propose au travers de ces pages, de façon organisée, de nombreuses ressources en ligne, présentées sous forme de bibliographie raisonnée, avec pour chacune d’entre elles, une brève description et le lien hypertexte correspondant, parfois des notices biographiques accompagnent les noms des personnes citées. Étant donné l’épaisseur historique du projet, en plusieurs langues et sur plusieurs années, géré par une seule personne plusieurs liens, en particulier ceux pointant vers des sites non institutionnels sont brisés et leur maintien nécessiterait un travail de mise à jour que l’historien ne peut mener systématiquement, faute de temps. Ces pages représentent toutefois un historique très riche sur la question de la Palestine et du web. La navigation est facilitée par un jeu de 12 onglets en page d’accueil et par un sommaire.

42Le guide de la Palestine-on-web a été le premier d’une série intitulée « guides de la recherche sur-Web » publiée sur le site de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean Pouilloux. En 2020, 12 guides rédigés par des chercheurs autour d’une aire géographique ou d’une thématique particulière dont ils sont spécialistes, étaient accessibles sur le site.

43Le site est en langue française.

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Référence électronique

Anaïs Salamon, Annick Richard et Véronique Ginouvès, « Ressources électroniques. La sélection d'Aldébaran », Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée [En ligne], 147 | octobre 2020, mis en ligne le 13 octobre 2020, consulté le 02 décembre 2020. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/remmm/14463

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Auteurs

Véronique Ginouvès

Mmsh, phonothèque, Aix-en-Provence, France

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Annick Richard

Mmsh, médiathèque, Aix-en-Provence, France

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Anaïs Salamon

Université McGill, Montréal, Canada

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Les contenus de la Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée sont mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Partage dans les Mêmes Conditions 4.0 International.

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