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From degeneration to mental disorders: the development of child psychiatric theory and child psychiatric practices in Denmark, c. 1900-1950

De la dégénérescence aux troubles mentaux. Théories et pratiques de la psychiatrie infantile au Danemark, c. 1900-1950
Jennie Sejr Junghans
p. 155-169

Resúmenes

Despite child psychiatry not becoming officially acknowledged as a medical specialty in Denmark before 1953, the first half of the 20th century saw a significant development in both child psychiatric theories and child psychiatric practices. Whereas notions of heredity had previously dominated medical textbooks and limited treatment efforts, the first psychiatric clinic for mentally ill children opened at the Copenhagen University Hospital in 1935, heralding a new stance on children’s mental disorders. By the early 1950s, the importance of socio-economic conditions and intrafamilial relationships for children’s mental health was given new meaning in both textbooks and practices.

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Extracto

El texto completo de este documento se publicará en línea en septiembre 2023.

Plano

Introduction
Degenerated children (1909)
Child psychiatry (1948) – the child psychiatrist becomes an analyst
Safekeeping “degenerated adolescents”? – child psychiatric practices at Middelfart State Hospital, 1891-1940
Exploring the mind of the child – child psychiatric practices at the Copenhagen University Hospital, c. 1935-1960
Concluding remarks: child psychiatry after the Second World War

Vista previa

Introduction

Even though the history of child psychiatry has attracted scholarly attention in recent years, our present knowledge of how the field of child psychiatry evolved and of how children were observed, diagnosed and treated in psychiatric practices is still fairly limited and obscure. One of the reasons for this concerns access: whereas the development of child psychiatric theories can be traced in medical literature, examining child psychiatric practices is more difficult, because access to 20th century clinical material is often restricted due to privacy concerns or downright impossible because the material has not been preserved. Recent contributions to the field therefore focus mainly on 19th century practices, theoretical developments, international collaboration, and the development of specific diagnoses. The present article explores a few facets of the complex history of Danish child psychiatry in the first half of the 20th century by examining the first two Danish chi...

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Referencia en papel

Jennie Sejr Junghans, «From degeneration to mental disorders: the development of child psychiatric theory and child psychiatric practices in Denmark, c. 1900-1950»Revue d’histoire de l’enfance « irrégulière », 23 | 2021, 155-169.

Referencia electrónica

Jennie Sejr Junghans, «From degeneration to mental disorders: the development of child psychiatric theory and child psychiatric practices in Denmark, c. 1900-1950»Revue d’histoire de l’enfance « irrégulière » [En línea], 23 | 2021, Publicado el 09 septiembre 2023, consultado el 24 octubre 2021. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/rhei/5853; DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/rhei.5853

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Autor

Jennie Sejr Junghans

Doctorante en histoire de la médecine à l'Institut universitaire européen de Florence

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Derechos de autor

© PUR

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