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I. Le développement des programmes européens : synthèse historique et critique

From CHARISMA to IPERION CH and E-RIHS: towards a European research infrastructure for heritage science

Isabelle Pallot-Frossard
Traduction de Elsa Bourguignon
p. 46-49
Cet article est une traduction de :
De CHARISMA à IPERION CH et E-RIHS : vers une infrastructure européenne de recherche pour les sciences du patrimoine [fr]

Résumés

Ce bref article de synthèse traite des lignes de force du projet européen IPERION CH (2015-2019), qui fait suite aux projets LabS TECH, Eu-ARTECH et CHARISMA, ainsi que de la création d’une structure pérenne dédiée au développement de la recherche sur les sciences du patrimoine, dénommée E-RIHS. Inscrite, après sélection par le Forum ESFRI, sur la feuille de route des grandes infrastructures de recherche par la Commission européenne, celle-ci verra le jour en 2021 et élargira le champ d’investigation du patrimoine culturel et naturel aux collections d'histoire naturelle.

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Texte intégral

  • 1 By Luca Pezzati from CNR-INOA in Florence.
  • 2 Center for Research in Conservation, USR 3224.
  • 3 IPANEMA is a mixed research unit CNRS/Ministry of Culture and Communication/University of Versaille (...)

1To maintain the highly structured network established through the Labs TECH, Eu-ARTECH and CHARISMA projects, a fourth project, entitled IPERION CH was prepared, coordinated as always by Italy1. It started in May 2015 for a period of four years. The project now brings together 24 partners from 12 Member States, plus the United States through the Getty Conservation Institute. The French partners are the CNRS (C2RMF, CRC2, IPANEMA3), the SOLEIL synchrotron and the INRIA, representing the DARIAH consortium (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities). This project is based on the three activities intrinsic to Integrated Infrastructures: transnational access, joint research and networking. The project significantly develops research activities in the area not only of instrumental development, but also of conservation and restoration methods and the assessment of their efficiency, their harmlessness for ancient materials and their durability. Thus, studies will be launched on the cleaning of paintings, the protection of metal objects, the consolidation of stone, or the impact of ion beam and X-ray analysis on ancient materials. In the area of available tools, the MOLAB mobile platform adds new portable technologies such as portable nuclear magnetic resonance or terahertz imaging to visualize and characterize underlaying layers, two technologies developed during the Charisma project, or stimulated infrared thermography for the diagnosis of the state of conservation of wall paintings. The MOLAB mobile platform also sees a greater involvement of French teams from the C2RMF, the Research Laboratory on Historic Monuments (LRMH) and Center for Research on the Preservation of Collections (CRCC).

2Instrumental development opens new avenues for materials characterization, such as portable mass spectrometry, micro-destructive analyses coupling different laser techniques such as laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy coupled with Raman spectroscopy, thus combining elemental and structural analyses, holographic interferometry coupled with infrared thermography for the diagnosis of surface defects on monumental works, or multiphoton microscopy.

3In this project, an activity is specifically dedicated to working on the creation of a sustainable European infrastructure which would stabilize the network and scientific exchanges already established between the partners beyond successive projects which funding is never guaranteed. In parallel, a sustainable infrastructure project for heritage science entitled E-RIHS (European research infrastructure for heritage science) has been submitted to the European strategy Forum on major research infrastructures (ESFRI)4 to be, after a very strict selection process, included in the European roadmap of future infrastructures. This Forum aims to coordinate national initiatives and to select Europe’s priority themes for large investments that will be made in the coming years. The E-RIHS project expands the scope of IPERION CH by integrating natural heritage objects from natural history collections and seeks to reach wider scientific communities, like those of archeology, paleoanthropology or paleontology (fig. 1). The title of the project refers to “heritage science” and implies a very broad interpretation of the concept which goes beyond conservation science which irrigated the previous projects.

Fig. 1. The Paleontology Gallery, National Museum of Natural History, Paris

Fig. 1. The Paleontology Gallery, National Museum of Natural History, Paris

© I. Pallot-Frossard.

4At a national level, Member States also establish regularly updated roadmaps in coordination with the European strategy. It is in this context that several countries partners of IPERION CH have, for their part, created national platforms related to cultural heritage. Thus, the Italian, Greek, Portuguese and Hungarian platforms have been or are in the process of being established. France is also joining the momentum and has submitted the project of a French “node” to the Ministry of Research, based partly on the strong partnership established within the PATRIMA LabEx (C2RMF with AGLAE, SOLEIL synchrotron, the PATRIMEX mobile platform managed by the LRMH), but including also new institutions which are able to provide advanced scientific instrumentation to French and European scientists, such as the National museum of natural history, the Artemis national Carbon 14 (fig. 2) dating platform, or laser tools developed by the University of Cergy-Pontoise5. This project was accepted and put in March on the new French roadmap6.

Fig. 2. Artemis, the Accelerator-based Mass Spectrometer (AMS) at the Laboratory of Carbon 14 Measurement, National Dating Platform, Saclay, France

Fig. 2. Artemis, the Accelerator-based Mass Spectrometer (AMS) at the Laboratory of Carbon 14 Measurement, National Dating Platform, Saclay, France

© CEA/P. Stroppa.

5The inclusion of the E-RIHS project in the European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures has also been confirmed by the ESFRI Forum. It is the only project, with its highly interdisciplinary nature, accepted in the humanities and social sciences field, among only 6 new projects relating to large instruments, such as gigantic neutrinos or gamma rays telescopes, or large-scale biomedical infrastructures7. These listings at a national level as well as at an european level are a strong acknowledgement of the specificity and significance of the heritage science field. Within ten years, this project should lead to the establishment of a structured European organization that the Member States are committed to support in the long term, at least five years, the statutes being designed to be valid about twenty years. This permanent organization must enable to develop research and interdisciplinary interactions around tangible heritage knowledge, facilitating access to large instruments and advanced technologies, promoting interoperability and the sharing of data, but also stimulating the exchange of good practices in a field that has become very unifying in Europe.

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Notes

1 By Luca Pezzati from CNR-INOA in Florence.

2 Center for Research in Conservation, USR 3224.

3 IPANEMA is a mixed research unit CNRS/Ministry of Culture and Communication/University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (USR 3461).

4 http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=esfri

5 http://www.erihs.fr/

6 http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/pid25384/strategie-nationale-des-infrastructures-de-recherche.html

7 http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=esfri-roadmap

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Table des illustrations

Titre Fig. 1. The Paleontology Gallery, National Museum of Natural History, Paris
Crédits © I. Pallot-Frossard.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/techne/docannexe/image/641/img-1.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 716k
Titre Fig. 2. Artemis, the Accelerator-based Mass Spectrometer (AMS) at the Laboratory of Carbon 14 Measurement, National Dating Platform, Saclay, France
Crédits © CEA/P. Stroppa.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/techne/docannexe/image/641/img-2.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 629k
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Pour citer cet article

Référence papier

Isabelle Pallot-Frossard, « From CHARISMA to IPERION CH and E-RIHS: towards a European research infrastructure for heritage science »Technè, 43 | 2016, 46-49.

Référence électronique

Isabelle Pallot-Frossard, « From CHARISMA to IPERION CH and E-RIHS: towards a European research infrastructure for heritage science »Technè [En ligne], 43 | 2016, mis en ligne le 19 décembre 2019, consulté le 27 novembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/techne/641 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/techne.641

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Auteur

Isabelle Pallot-Frossard

Conservateur général du patrimoine, directeur du Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France (isabelle.pallot-frossard[at]culture.gouv.fr).

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