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Concise chronology

Chronologie partielle
Beknopte chronologie
p. 112-113
Cet article est une traduction de :
Chronologie partielle [fr]

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Notes de la rédaction

Insel, Ahmed & Michel Marian, Dialogue sur le tabou arménien, interview by Ariane Bozon, Paris: Liana Levi, 2009.
For a complete chronology of the massacres of the Armenian people in Turkey, and for a detailed overview of the organization and planification of these massacres, we refer to Science Po’s Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence: http://www.massviolence.org/IMG/article_PDF/The-Extermination-of-Ottoman-Armenians-by-the-Young-Turk-Regime.pdf

Texte intégral

11839-1876: Reform era known as Tanzimât. For the first time, the Ottoman Empire officially recognizes the legal equality of its Christian and Muslim subjects.

21878: Russo-Turkish War and Treaty of Berlin: redefinition of the borders between Russia and Turkey. Creation of the State of Bulgaria.

31896: In response to a series of massacres of Armenians, a commando of armed men and women takes over the Ottoman Bank to demand an international arbitration of the Armenian question.

41908: Revolution of the Young Turks of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). Restoration of the constitutional monarchy and the ideals of “Libery, Equality, Fraternity and Justice”.

51912: First Balkan War between the Ottoman Empire and the combined armies of the Balkan states (Serbia, Bulgaria, Montenegro and Greece).

61913: Second Balkan War, which allows the Ottoman Empire to regain Eastern Thrace.

71914 (October): The Ottoman Empire enters the war as Germany’s ally.

81915 (January): Enver Pasha is defeated by the Russian troops. The Ottoman authorities order that all Armenians be demobilized and disarmed.

91915 (March): Following the failure of naval operations carried out by the Allies in the Dardanelles strait, the French and British troops invade the Gallipoli peninsula in April. They are defeated and suffer serious losses. Among the victorious Turkish troops is a young colonel, Mustafa Kemal.

101915 (24 April): Arrest and deportation of hundreds of Armenian intellectuals from Istanbul. A vast majority of them will be killed. In May, the Ottoman authorities order the deportation of all Armenians. The Armenian population becomes the target of systematic murders until 1916. Christian and Jewish inhabitants also fall victim to the atrocities committed under the Young Turks regime.

111918: In September, the British forces launch an attack against the Ottoman army in Syria. The Seventh Army led by Mustafa Kemal retires towards the current Turkish border. Armistice of Mudros. Defeat and dismantlement of the Ottoman Empire.

121919: Greek occupation of Izmir (Smyrna) until 1921. 1920-1922: Liberation War under the command of Mustafa Kemal.

131920: The independent Republic of Armenia, established in 1918, is incorporated into the Soviet Union to become the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.

141921: Assassination of Talaat Pasha in Berlin. The murder was carried out by the Armenian, Soghomon Tehlirian.

151921: Enver Pasha is killed in an attack by the Red Army. Kemalist victory over Greece.

161923: Treaty of Peace between Turkey and the Allies. The Treaty of Lausanne recognizes the current Turkish borders except for Alexandretta. It replaces the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres, which was never ratified. Proclamation of the Turkish Republic.

171924: The capital of Turkey is now officially called Istanbul. Since the Ottoman Empire, both the names Constantinople (Konstantiniye) and Istanbul (Istanpolis) were used.

181940: General mobilization in Turkey.

191941: Hitler invades the Soviet Union.

201945: Nuremberg Trials.

211948: UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

221955: Anti-Greek riots and pogroms in Istanbul, and to a smaller extent in Izmir, which also affect Jews and Armenians. They are orchestrated by the Turkish National Security Service to exert pressure on Greece in the Cyprus dispute.

231960: First military coup in the Republic of Turkey. Conviction and execution of the Prime Minister and two other ministers, a year later.

241968: UN Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.

251974: The UN Human Rights Commission deletes the reference to Armenia in §30 of one of its genocide resolutions.

261975: Emergence and first attack of ASALA.

271999: The European Union recognizes Turkey’s “European vocation”.

282005: Start of accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU.

292007 (January): Assassination of the Turkish-Armenian journalist, Hrant Dink, in Istanbul.

302008: Unofficial meeting between the presidents of the Turkish Republic and the Republic of Armenia in Yerevan, during a football match between the two countries.

312008 (December): Petition of Turkish citizens collectively apologizing to the Armenians for the Great Catastrophe.

322009 (January): The French and Canadian Armenians send the Turkish citizens a letter of gratitude.

332009 (April): Visit of Barack Obama to Turkey. The US President urges Turkey to work through its past. In his declaration of 24 April, Obama mentions the Great Calamity (Metz Yeghern) as one of the “worst atrocities of the 20th century”.

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Référence papier

« Concise chronology »Témoigner. Entre histoire et mémoire, 120 | 2015, 112-113.

Référence électronique

« Concise chronology »Témoigner. Entre histoire et mémoire [En ligne], 120 | 2015, mis en ligne le 01 avril 2015, consulté le 20 août 2022. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/temoigner/2163 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/temoigner.2163

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