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“Conducting Tourism Research: Context Effects, Disciplinary Effects”

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Call for Papers

Document submission deadline: April 1, 2021

Planned publication date: End 2022

Coordination of the issue: Johan Vincent, contract researcher at the University of Angers (UFR ESTHUA Tourism and Culture), TEMOS (UMR 9016 CNRS) and ESO-Angers (UMR 6590 CNRS) laboratories.

Since the end of the 20th century, the increased importance of tourism has been attracting growing interest from institutional stakeholders the world over: major international organizations see it as a strategic tool for development, and European and American higher education institutions participate in the tourist development of so-called economically less advanced countries, while reflecting on the phenomenon of tourism by attempting to develop and define a distinct disciplinary field. Tourism is perceived by large organizations as a privileged tool in the fight against poverty and as an important part of sustainable local development (Kadri, 2004).

At the same time, directly echoing the “the projective city” (Boltanski and Chiapello, 1999), research carried out progressively by the project culture has been a global trend since the end of the 20th century (Mullin, 2001; Whitley and Gläser, 2014). This has involved promoting project-related research and sparking innovation by fostering the emergence of multidisciplinary collaborative projects. Based on a body of approximately 60 works published in the 1990s, Luc Boltanski and Ève Chiapello (1999: 157) estimate that with the emergence of a new spirit of capitalism at the end of the 20th century, the hierarchy of the Trente Glorieuses (the 30-year post-war boom) was eliminated and replaced with a merchant-type control, featuring the importance of competition and permanent change, teamwork, networking, and project: “projects [that] draw a multitude of mini-computing spaces within which orders can be generated and justified” [free translation]. Other structures, private or public, also spearhead projects with a tourism scope or projects on tourism. The desire to promote innovation and renew research questions, with financial resources, involves potentially paradoxical issues, particularly with regard to target audiences (academia, public or private scientific and technological institutions, companies.

Until now, a vast disciplinary field such as tourism, borrowing from several academic disciplines whose socioeconomic and political stakes are sometimes high in certain countries, has not been the subject of a specific comprehensive analysis. If there is a field which appears to be multidisciplinary (Jafari and Richie, 1981; Darbellay and Stock, 2012; Tribe and Liburd, 2016; Guibert and Taunay, 2017; Clergeau and Peypoch, 2019), it is tourism. Despite the undeniable economic and social force that the tourism sector represents in the world, scientific research in tourism, long marginalized, is struggling to become a major player on the francophone academic scene. It therefore presents potential difficulties of emergence, legitimacy, and promotion, perhaps in connection with scientific disciplines (especially for academic institutions and journals outside the field of tourism) and, by extension, with limitation of its visibility. Neo-liberal-inspired research and publication policies in North America, implemented in the early 1980s and in development in Europe since the 2000s, have seemingly run the risk of reinforcing the tendency to desert areas that, although socially important, are not economically

profitable enough (Duval and Heilbron, 2006) or supported by institutions (companies and communities) of a sufficient critical size to finance research. The questioning of Leszek Butowski and his co-authors (2019) which, after analysis of the contents of the main tourism journals, led to the reality of a dominant position occupied by a language, a tradition, a selected set of research subjects, and a group of researchers, can be pursued or criticized in terms of different ways of doing and promoting research.

Being part of the field of tourism research and “producing” research entails dealing with multiple views and scopes. What, in fact, does producing research imply? Is it tackling original ideas, presenting ideas as original, or is it part of a lineage or a theoretical legacy of research? Is it obtaining funding to conduct research? Is it conducting this research? Is it presenting this research or these research results according to so-called international standards which are, in fact, essentially Western, even specifically American or British? Is it sharing research results, through scientific (mostly) and general public (possibly) communications, articles (mostly) and books (possibly)? (On the crisis of publishing in the humanities and social sciences, see for example Auerbach, 2006.)

At every step, the researcher must address new issues: the issue of the research context, with both local perspectives and international ambitions; the issue of research projects, with or without “fashionable” themes, but also validation of the “relevance” of projects (in relation to the holder’s CV, consortium, and subject, according to juries more or less [in]sensitive to the topic of tourism); the issue of articles which respect a certain structuring of texts, and therefore of thought, according to inquiry presentation standards prioritizing results over ideas (Guibert and Taunay, 2017); the issue of journals, which, for the central periodicals in the field, demonstrate a low degree of internationalization of research without preventing the circulation of researchers, concepts, methods, and theories, while their editorial boards tend to attract so-called major researchers (Réau, 2017). Depending on the context, conducting research requires adapting the scale and (perhaps) the shape of one’s research, even bypassing certain promotion tools (through open science, for example).

The objectives of this Téoros issue are to offer critical perspectives in order to identify and analyze the consequences of project culture, applied research, public and/or private policies to stimulate research, etc., on the disciplinary field of tourism, as well as the consequences on the promotion of research results, while addressing these issues at the local, national, and international levels. The edition can accept original, empirical, and theoretical research work from all disciplines of the humanities and social sciences.

Suggested themes:

  • Research in tourism and the culture of research projects: recognition (or not) of research in tourism, ambitions, perspectives

  • Research in tourism within the local, national, or/and international framework of the funding of research projects

  • Renewal or imitation of research questions as part of the culture of research projects

  • “Fashionable” subjects and research in tourism

  • Sensitivity of funding organizations to the theme of tourism and/or selection boards

  • Pluri- or transdisciplinary research projects and valorisation of specific disciplines

  • Confrontation of research or research results according to so-called international standards which are, in fact, essentially Western, even specifically British or American

  • Methods of promoting research results and expectations of the culture of research projects

  • Promoting tourism research results in journals outside the field of tourism

  • Transfer of concepts, methods, and theories from one discipline to another, from one geographic area to another, within the framework of research projects and/or scientific journals

  • Personal career strategies confronted by the culture of research projects

  • Success in obtaining funding for research projects and major researchers

  • Major researchers on editorial committees of scientific tourism journals

Proposal conditions

Authors must send a manuscript written preferably in French (texts in English will be considered), presented according to the rules of the journal, available at https://journals.openedition.org/teoros/168. The texts submitted, in Word format (no PDF), must be approximately 7,000 to 8,000 words long and must include

a clearly stated research objective (question)

a description of the research methodology used

a theoretical component

A case study can be added to these elements but cannot monopolize the entire space allocated to the text. Téoros has an international readership. Authors are invited to take this reality into account in the presentation of their case studies in order to make them accessible to readers who are less familiar with the destination studied.

Each article must include:

the full names of all authors (maximum of three)

their main title and affiliation (a single one)

their email and postal address

a summary of no more than 150 to 200 words in French

identification of the discipline or disciplines of study

a list of keywords (maximum of five)

Illustrations

Authors are invited to provide three or four copyright-free, high-resolution (300 dpi) illustrations, indicating clearly the picture caption and the name of the photographer.

Originality of the study

Manuscripts submitted for publication in Téoros must make an original scientific contribution. Authors remain responsible for the content and opinions expressed as well as data correction and bibliographic references.

The deadline to submit a text is April 1, 2021.

Text proposals must be sent to the journal at: teoros@uqam.ca Kindly write “Conducting Tourism Research” in the subject line.

If they so desire, authors may provide, in preparation of the manuscript to be submitted by the date indicated, a summary of the draft article so that the editors can judge the acceptability of the themes developed with respect to the objectives of the special edition.

Téoros, Journal of Tourism Research

The Téoros journal acknowledges the support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Aid to Scholarly Journals program), Fonds de recherche du Québec Société et Culture (programme d’aide aux publications scientifiques) (Quebec research fund for society and culture) (scientific publications assistance program), School of Management of Université du Québec à Montréal, the Department of Urban Studies and Tourism.

Director: Dominic Lapointe, Professor, Université du Québec à Montréal

Co-editor in chief: Mohamed Reda KHOMSI, Professor, Université du Québec à Montréal Co-editor in chief: Romain ROULT, Professor, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Bibliographie/ Bibliography

Auerbach, Bruno, 2006, « Publish and perish. La définition légitime des sciences sociales au prisme du débat sur la crise de l’édition SHS », Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, n° 164, p. 75-92,

<https://doi.org/10.3917/arss.164.0075>, consulté le 7 novembre 2020.

Boltanski, Luc et Ève Chiapello, 1999, Le nouvel esprit du capitalisme, Paris, Gallimard. Butowski, Leszek, Jacek Kaczmarek, Joanna Kowalczyk-Anioł et Ewa Szafranska, 2019, « Social

Constructionism as a Tool to Maintain an Advantage in Tourism Research », Tourism Geographies,

août, vol. 20, p. 1-22, <https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2019.1654537>, consulté le 7 novembre 2020.

Clergeau, Cécile et Nicolas Peypoch (coord.), 2019, La recherche en management du tourisme, Paris, Vuibert.

Darbellay, Frédéric et Mathis Stock, 2012, « Tourism as Complex Interdisciplinary Research Object »,

Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 39, n° 1, p. 441-458.

Duval, Julien et Johan Heilbron, 2006, « Les enjeux des transformations de la recherche », Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, n° 164, p. 5-10, <https://doi.org/10.3917/arss.164.0005>, consulté le 7 novembre 2020.

Guibert, Christophe et Benjamin Taunay, 2017, « Les recherches en tourisme : un espace de productions pluridisciplinaire, international et concurrentiel », dans Guibert Christophe et Taunay Benjamin (dir.), Tourisme et sciences sociales. Postures de recherches, ancrages disciplinaires et épistémologiques, Paris, L’Harmattan, coll. « Logiques sociales », p. 221-230.

Jafari, Jafar et J.R. Brent Richie, 1981, « Toward a Framework for Tourism Education: Problems and Prospects », Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 8 n° 1, p. 13-34.

Kadri, Boualem, 2004, « Thématiques de la recherche en tourisme menée par le CIFORT et ses membres », Téoros, vol. 23, n° 1, <http://journals.openedition.org/teoros/2294>, consulté le

7 novembre 2020.

Mullin, James, 2001, « Évolution des modes de financement de la recherche (1960-2000) », Revue internationale des sciences sociales, n° 168, p. 269-295.

Réau, Bertrand, 2017, « Esquisses pour une analyse critique des tourism studies », Zilsel, no 2, p. 223-249.

Tribe, John et Janne J. Liburd, 2016, « The Tourism Knowledge System », Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 57, p. 44-61.

Whitley, Richard et Jochen Gläser, 2014, Organisational Transformation and Scientific Change: The Impact of Institutional Restructuring on Universities and Intellectual Innovation, Bingley, Emerald Group Publishing.

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