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Online Teaching and Learning, Extracurricular Activities at the University in Wartime in Ukraine

Ilona Kostikova et Tetiana Viediernikova

Résumés

Cet article analyse l’expérience de l’enseignement et de l’apprentissage en ligne ainsi que des activités parascolaires à l’Université pédagogique nationale H.S. Skovoroda de Kharkiv pendant la guerre russo-ukrainienne.

La mise en place de la plateforme Moodle et l’utilisation des outils de communication en ligne tels que Zoom, Meet et Google Classroom ont permis de maintenir une grande partie des enseignements et des activités éducatives. Cet article expose et analyse les différents points de vue mais surtout le travail des étudiants et du corps enseignant pour maintenir une activité d’enseignement et de recherche. Des activités spécifiques ont aussi été mis en place notamment pour gérer au mieux le stress des étudiants et crée un pôle éducatif, en lien avec l’université, pour les élèves et les enseignants des territoires libérés de la région de Kharkiv.

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Texte intégral

Introduction

1The morning of February 24, 2022 changed everything in Ukraine. H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, that trains pre-service teachers, is located in Kharkiv city, 30 km from the Russian border, a city of over 1 million inhabitants. Kharkiv city survived explosions, shelling, bombing, and fierce resistance to the Russian occupiers, however, Kharkiv did not capitulate. After a month of the so-called “holidays”, in the spring of 2022, online learning resumed on April 1, 2022 in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Education and Science and the order of the university rector.

2In the first weeks, the classes resembled psychological therapy sessions, as University lecturers listened and reassured students, helping them to overcome the war stress. Then the classes started in the usual online mode. Students were taught online through the Moodle platform, that contained all the teaching materials from the previous two years of the pandemic, assignments, and tests (Opanasenko & Novikova, 2022). Students were assessed during their examinations with tests through the Moodle platform as well (Kostikova, 2022a).

3Since the experience of the pandemic (Holubnycha et al., 2021) taught everyone to work online, communication in the classroom between teachers and students was carried out through Zoom, Meet, and Google Classroom. Besides, other university activities also proved to be important during the study: student and faculty volunteering, students overcoming stress during the war through artistic means, and creating an educational hub for schoolchildren. We did the best during the war as we know that the country development depends on educated and trained teachers.

4Article purpose. The purpose of the article is to show online teaching and learning, the multitude of various extracurricular activities during the war in Ukraine on the example of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University.

Results

Students’ education during the war

5On April 1, 2022, after the so-called holidays”, the University resumed the educational process with distance learning, creating the most favourable educational environment that took into account the needs and capabilities of all students (Antoniuk, 2023; Galynska & Bilous, 2022).

6The active work was continued in the main areas of the University – teaching, learning (Kenworthy & Opatska, 2023), project activities, active cooperation with foreign partners, scientific – online conferences were held (Kostikova, 2022b), academic journals were issued online, and electronic monographs were published too.

7For undergraduate and postgraduate students of all courses, university teachers conducted additional online consultations on issues that arose during their studies in any convenient way: by phone, e-mail, social media, video communication (Lavrysh et al., 2022).

8The classes were held online in synchronous and asynchronous modes according to the class schedule. Students also had an access to the electronic resources of the University’s Scientific Library: an electronic catalogue, an electronic library, and a university repository. The university accepted the results of academic mobility in other universities in Ukraine or abroad for evacuated students who continued their studies at other universities.

9For students who defended Ukraine with arms, were totally engaged in volunteer activities, or lost technical capabilities for distance learning as a result of the hostilities, the University provided an individual study schedule or, as an exception, an academic leave. For all academic staff and students whose homes were destroyed, the University provided an opportunity to live in the university dormitory with their families.

10Aware of the wartime difficulties, the University worked hard to create the most favourable educational environment, taking into account the needs and capabilities of all students (Kostikova et al., 2023).

11Unfortunately, on July 6, 2022, at night, the Russian occupiers fired missiles at H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, destroying one of the university buildings.

12The missile attack destroyed part of the academic building, damaged the university’s history museum, the center for the newspaper “Uchytel”, the scientific library and part of the building of the Kvitka-Osnovianenko Ukrainian Language and Literature Faculty. Nevetheless, the University continued to work online.

13The President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy commented on the missile attack on H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University in his video address. He noted that such a destruction characterises precisely the Russian invasion, it is a barbarism. Only the enemy of civilisation and humanity could do such things – to fire missiles at a pedagogical university.

14The President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyi also supported the H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University at the annual conference on December 2, 2022. It was devoted to the 300th anniversary of the birth of Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda. Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda is a famous Ukrainian philosopher and writer, and the University is named after him. Students and university teachers communicated via teleconference with the President of Ukraine and asked him questions. He thanked the students and teaching staff for their resilience in such a difficult time.

15Answering the audience’s questions, the President said that in such a hostile, but significant time, our desire to protect our families, our homes, our inner beliefs and values give us, the Ukrainian people, strength in the fight for our freedom and independence. Volodymyr Zelenskyy noted that belief in the fierce strength and love of freedom for the Ukrainians, that was also mentioned by the philosopher Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda, gives us the endurance in the struggle for freedom and promises bright future for the Ukrainian state.

Students’ impressions at the beginning of online learning

16During the first classes with students, university teachers listened to students painful stories and helped them to overcome the stress (Kurapov et al., 2023). There is a student’s story as an example of the atmosphere of the first weeks of the war. The student said that at the beginning of the war she was under occupation because she lived in the Khotimlia village, Kharkiv region. The Russian occupiers cut off immediately the Ukrainian communications. From March 30, 2022, not only the Ukrainian mobile operators’ connection disappear, but also electricity and water for 18 days. Every day, she looked at her laptop, that was last used on February 23, 2022 during a lecture at the University. And every time she imagined how many classes she had missed, how many lectures she had not listened to, how many practical classes she had not attended, how many times she had not seen her classmates and teachers.

17She was ready to walk to the river every day and climb to the highest point near it where the Ukrainian mobile Internet was available a little, in order to somehow distract from the thought that Grad Multiple Rocket Launcher System shells were being fired across the river, and that Russian soldiers were stationed 3 streets away, to distract from the thought that next day she had to wake up at 5 am to queue for so-called “humanitarian aid” coupons from the Russian occupiers for milk or bread. The occupiers did not allow her and her family to leave the territory of Ukraine or move freely.

18Every day, the students thoughts were that she was ready to sit in winter a cold university classroom all day long, to attend classes like before the war, to do many, at least 40 exercises and tasks, but not to live like that. Every day, her thoughts were about how Ukrainian defenders would return her village, restore Kharkiv, what book she would buy to read next, what victory on all fronts would look like. She dreamed of how our heroic defenders would return home, that we would rebuild everything, save the injured citizens and never forget or forgive the losses of our loved ones, and that we, the Ukrainians, would remember everything for a long time.

19Here is the story of another student who managed to leave the war zone. The student admitted that studying during the war was mentally difficult, because sitting in a quiet place in class, she worried about her family and friends who were in the war zone. Only when she heard their voices saying that they were alive and relatively fine, asking her not to worry, she felt better.

20Teachers were understanding and very loyal to students who, for various reasons, could not attend online classes and completed assignments in time (Tverdokhliebova & Yevtushenko, 2023). The support of not only parents, but also university teachers and fellow students was important for students, as it was the support that distracted them from bad news at the beginning of the war and gave them hope to live and study further.

Graduates of the University died performing their military duties

21Unfortunately, 26 graduates of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University were killed during the war in 2022-2023. In the brutal war with the Russian occupation army, the University and Ukraine lost its best sons. Maksym Kosynskyi, a 2017 graduate of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, was the first to die while performing military duties at the beginning of the war in 2022. Maksym was known as a good man, sensitive, decent, and authoritative. He will always stay in our hearts as a fearless defender, a true patriot of his country.

22On March 1, 2022, our alumnus, Major of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Deputy Battalion Commander for Moral and Psychological Support Serhii Bereza (born on March 27, 1991 in Poltava region) was killed in fierce battles for Kharkiv. In 2008, Serhii started his studies at Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv National Air Force University, and after that continued to work there. 8 years ago, Serhii successfully graduated from the Faculty of Psychology and Sociology of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. Serhii was intelligent, responsible and hardworking. His parents, a wife and a little son are left.

23On March 10, 2022, Dmytro Chychelnyk, a 2014 graduate of the Faculty of History and Law of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National University, died near Izium, Kharkiv. Dmytro Chychelnyk, born in 1992, a soldier of the 81st Airmobile Brigade, died holding back the occupiers who wanted to cut off the eastern regions of Ukraine with lightning strikes, surround and defeat our most capable troops in Donbas. But owing to the courage and superhuman efforts of our defenders, who laid down their lives for their homeland, the enemys plans were not to be realised. Dmytro was buried in Dnipro city.

24According to the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated April 5, 2022 № 214/2022, Dmytro Chychelnyk was awarded the Order For Courage, III class (posthumously) – for personal courage and selfless actions in the defence of state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, loyalty to the military oath. Now, after the liberation of his native Balakliya town, near Kharkiv, our Hero is returning home to rest in peace. Unfortunately, three sons are left without their father.

25On April 26, 2022, in the Izium town, near Kharkiv, the life of a graduate of the Faculty of History and Law, a soldier Oleksii Borshch was cut short. Oleksii Borshch was born on June 30, 1975 in the Borshchivka village, Balakliia district, Kharkiv region. From 1992 to 1997, he studied at the Faculty of History and Law of our University. In order to prevent the further spread of evil across the Ukrainian land, Oleksii bravely and faithfully defended Ukraine with arms in hand. We will always remember Oleksii as open-hearted, cheerful, and sympathetic to the troubles of others. We grieve and bow our heads in sorrow.

26We would like to say a few words about a colleague of our Ukrainian Faculty, a warrior Valerii Romanovskyi, a graduate of the University. On February 24, 2023, on the anniversary of the terrible war, a memorial evening was held in the Nakypilo press centre in Kharkiv to commemorate the fallen soldier, a well-known Kharkiv historian, monument keeper Valerii Romanovskyi (1976-2023), a graduate of the Faculty of Ukrainian Language and Literature, PhD in History. The meeting was organised and hosted by the warriors colleagues. The evening was called Cossack Nevmiraka”, in honour of the Ukrainian Cossack sung in legends.

27In 2023, the University also suffered losses. On January 14, 2023, a student of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Kyrylo Baev died a hero’s death while performing a combat mission near Soledar, Donbas region. A real man, a loving son. He was only 21 years old. There will never be forgiveness for the enemies who destroy the rise of our nation, its best sons.

28The burning pain and bitter sorrow of the war touched the Faculty of History and Law, on January 27, 2023, a 2012 graduate of the Faculty Serhii Horodov (03.04.1990-27.01.2023) died while performing a combat mission. As befits a true military man, Serhiis poise, responsibility, and courage were the defining features of his character. In communication with his family, friends, and university teachers, he was always friendly, attentive, sociable, and sincere. He was fond of tourism, conquering mountains, and dreaming. Serhii was born on April 3, 1990. After graduating from the University, he worked as a Geography teacher at Kharkiv School № 16.

29The students and the entire teaching staff respected, appreciated and loved Serhii sincerely because he was young, sincere, cheerful, a true Teacher from God, and he loved his family, friends and the native land. On 27 January, Serhii Horodov was killed while performing a combat mission near Bakhmut, Donbas region, defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

30Unfortunately, one more fallen defender from the Faculty of History and Law has been added to the list. On March 30, 2023, Vladyslav Miziak, a 2017 graduate of the Faculty of History and Law, was killed while performing a combat mission. Vladyslav was born on June 1, 1995 in Valky town, near Kharkiv, where he grew up and finished school. Since childhood his dream was to become a military officer, and he fulfilled it by becoming first a cadet, then an officer. Later he received another higher education at our University.

31As a true military man, bravery, responsibility, and determination were Vladyslavs dominant traits of character. And when communicating with his family and friends, he was always kind, persistent, sociable and sincere. As a career soldier and a true son of his country, Vladyslav bravely defended Ukraines independence in the anti-terroristic operation (ATO) zone for three years from 2014, when the Russain troops attacked Ukraine in Donbas.

32After the full-scale invasion of the Russian invaders in 2022, Vladyslav continued his military service in the National Guard of Ukraine. On March 30, 2023 near the Kreminna village, Luhansk region, Vladyslav Miziak was killed while performing a combat mission, defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

Students’ volunteering in wartime

33No dount, Russias aggression is a precedent of cruelty and violation of all possible norms of the European law. Today, students not only learn at universities, but have a lot of extracurriculum activities, for example, volunteering. Students of the Faculty of History and Law share their thoughts.

34A third year part-time student said that from the first days of the full-scale invasion, he and his father went to defend Kyiv city, and the Russian occupiers were eventually repelled. Then he joined a volunteer organisation in Poltava region, where he was responsible for a computer maintenance and accounting, and he participated in the transport and unloading of the humanitarian aid. There, everyone did what he/she could. He also used his professional knowledge in volunteering. In cooperation with a local youth organisation, he gave classes on history, civic education and civilian security to high school students.

35Combining work and study was not always easy for him, especially in such circumstances. Outside the classes, he had to keep track of time to catch up with his work and improve his professional skills at the same time. It was also often difficult, on the verge of a breakdown and burnout, but he knew he had to keep going. So, he gathered his strength and worked, because he was used to dealing with it. With our Ukrainian victory, life will return to the entire Motherland, and we must do everything to make it happen as soon as possible to save the lives.

36Another undergraduate student said that during the war, students continued to receive their education in bomb shelters, basements, listening to sirens, and in a trench. The news tells heroic stories of those who did not use their right to study in peace in the rear, but voluntarily went to defend their Homeland. The practice of student volunteering was even more widespread: creating camouflage nets, providing humanitarian aid, accompanying people to evacuate from war hot spots, providing information, etc. The student believes that academic knowledge is acquired along with practical skills developed in critical situations. Students continue a worthy cause, defending not only the educational front, but also their native land from invaders. Today’s student is an active fighter for the country future.

37An impressive story from one more third year student. It was after February 24, 2022 when students had to get used to the new learning environment. He recalled how classes were suspended. In his opinion, one of the most difficult factors for studying during the war is psychological, when fear and danger, uncertainty about the future make it difficult to focus studies, and noone knows how to overcome the situation. It happened to him in summer 2022, when he had to complete the course, pass the exams and defend a course paper.

38That period was quite difficult for him. The hardest part was studying during the shelling of critical infrastructure, when the whole territory of Ukraine was left without electricity, Internet and central heating. Russia wanted to take away the usual benefits of civilisation, but they failed to disrupt academic studies because the students adapted to the extraordinary living conditions. As long as it was possible to use the Internet freely, students tried to send their homework and completed assignments on time, in particular through the Moodle platform.

39The student admits that it was especially painful to get know in the summer of 2022 that one of the University building in Kharkiv was damaged due to Russias missles. So, the war has caused extremely serious damage to the University community, and it has affected everyone. Despite all these problems, students and academic staff did not break down and did not stop to educate to bring the Ukrainian victory closer.

Teachers’ volunteering in wartime

40Similarly, University teachers were actively involved in volunteering. Volunteering now means, first of all, serving people who need help and thus bringing the Ukrainian victory closer. This is how the University teachers understand this mission.

41Since 2014, the University teachers have been helping residents and refugees from the temporarily occupied territories of Luhansk and Donetsk. In 2022 together with the civil organizationYaskrosvit the University teachers collected and delivered items to those whose belongings were taken away by Russian aggression, and together with some of their caring colleagues from the University, through the volunteer teachers and Help Army organization, they joined in collecting the most necessary things for our defenders and affected civilians.

42The attack in 2022 prompted the academic staff of the University to become even more involved in volunteering. Without waiting for any orders or instructions, together with other enthusiastic University teachers, who cared about the Kharkiv city and Ukraine fate, the teachers began to take care of the residents from the neighbouring houses from the moment of the first shelling of Kharkiv, on February 24, 2022.

43Lonely old people were waiting for a special support (the help with accommodation in a bomb shelter, arranging everyday life and providing food and medicine). Volunteer teachers were involved in the unloading and distribution of the humanitarian aid. Sometimes it was necessary to unload/load a truck in a matter of minutes, so that it could reach the right place between shellings.

44Volunteer teachers also visited wounded soldiers in hospitals, and a team of volunteers prepared targeted humanitarian aid packages for former employees of the University who were in particular need, for medical institutions, orphanages, and for residents from the hot zones of Kharkiv region, where our brave men delivered everything in time. Several university teachers have received official letters of thanks for their volunteering. But the most enjoyable job, the volunteer teachers share their emotions, was preparing lunches and goodies for the brave Kharkiv defenders.

Students overcoming stress during the war through artistic means

45To help students overcome the war stress, the University conducted extensive extracurricular activities. Students expressed themselves through their written and oral works, music, drawings, and other artistic means. Such activities aimed to develop students’ personalities, inherit the spiritual values of the Ukrainian people, create a developed mentality, moral, aesthetic, and cultural background, and develop universal, patriotic, national, and professional skills.

46For example, the teachers and students from the Department of Design of the University held a campaign Stop the War, that involved employees of the KulturEck organisation from Kalmünz, Germany. The organisation took care of the offline exhibition and all the costs of printing the students posters and leaflets.

47An international project was also held – a virtual exhibition of political posters prepared in collaboration with the Department of Experimental Psychology at Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf, with the support of Professor Johena Much. The project was published in 4 languages. It included creative works of the University’s students and teachers, as well as their postcards describing their feelings and memories of the beginning of the war. The exhibition also featured a section of the Department of Musical Art.

48A joint masterclass for professional Ukrainian and Swiss artists was also held in May-August 2022. At the end of this meeting, the paintings were exhibited in the Parish hall in Oberwil (Switzerland) from 14 to 28 August 2022, and the MOSTRA DI ARTE exhibition "HAIuTLamo" was held.

49We are proud of the students majoring in Musical Art and their teachers supervisors, who became the winners of the remote two-round International Festival-Competition Formula Fest Fiesta Fest Valencia (22 May - 29 May 2023, Spain, Valencia).

50Futhermore, from 15 to 19 May 2023, students and postgraduate students of the Ukrainian Faculty from the University prepared and held interesting and informative extracurricular online events, such as Ukrainian Family Ethnoculture: Traditions and Modernity; Forms of Language Manipulation in the Modern Information Society”. Everyone listened to students presentations with pleasure and joined the lively discussion of topical issues about a family and a social life of Ukrainians.

51On January 27, 2023, students and teachers of the Turkish language from the Department of Oriental Languages organised an online Turkish poetry evening. Students recited poems, communicated and listened to Turkish songs. The event was attended by the students former teachers from Turkey online. While teaching Turkish, they disscused with the 2-year students Turkish sweets and Ukrainian cuisine. The girls students prepared video recipes of their favourite dishes like Ukrainian borshch and vareniky in Turkish.

Innovative project - Educational Hub

52The Educational Hub is an innovative project of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Department of Science and Education of Kharkiv Region and the Foundation for Educational Initiatives, that implements the concept of Life Long Learning.

53The extracurriculum activities of the educational hub are aimed at improving the quality of education in Kharkiv region after the de-occupation of the region in the face of modern challenges (transition to distance learning in times of war) in several fields. The hub brought together academic staff from H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University to help schoolchildren and teachers after the de-occupation to gain new knowledge and skills.

54Since 2023, university professors have been conducting free online webinars, workshops, lectures and trainings on various relevant topics for several school subjects such as Maths, the Ukrainian language, the English language, etc for schoolchildren. Inclusive education, management and administration, organising a safe educational environment, pedagogical partnership were offered by university staff for school teachers.

55The main fields of online educational hub are STEM education, digital literacy, psychological assistance, special pedagogy, etc. Classes are held online according to the schedule. Here are examples of such online classes.

56The STEM Education course is aimed at developing schoolchildren’ interdisciplinary competences through virtual practical and laboratory classes in STEM disciplines (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics).

57The open classes are held for schoolchildren in STEM, a popular educational field that covers natural sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics. The subject matter of the classes corresponds to the curriculum of school subjects in the natural, technological, mathematical and computer science fields of basic secondary school education.

58The Digital Literacy is a series of interactive classes for different age groups of schoolchildren to develop digital literacy according to the European Digital Competence Framework. The classes focus on developing skills in using modern gadgets, applications and services, acquiring skills to work productively on social media, expanding knowledge of cybersecurity and media literacy, etc.

59At one of the classes, a speaker from the University presented the topic Infographic Life Hacks. Schoolchildren had the opportunity to learn about the meaning of infographics, examples of infographics in education and science, business, journalism, etc., types of infographics, features of infographic creation, platforms for creating infographics (Canva, Data Gif Maker, diagrams.net, etc.).

60Microsoft Excel Life Hacks class was held for schoolchildren too. The masterclass covered the specifics of working with different data formats, the benefits of autocomplete, common calculation errors and how to correct them, the advantages of the Function Wizard, and conditional formatting.

61All schoolchildren received presentation materials and files with patterns and examples to work. At the end of the class, schoolchildren were shown how to create dynamic models in Microsoft Excel, using the example of a Solar System model. During the workshop, schoolchildren were active and involved, received answers to their questions and expressed their wish to continue the workshop in future.

62The Psychological Assistance” series of classes for school teachers focused on different types of stress management. For example, social and psychological counselling to support schoolchildren from the de-occupied territory (crisis psychological online counselling for information trauma, rehabilitation of childhood trauma in war, assistance to children in dealing with the trauma of grief and loss in war, building readiness for life after the war).

63School teachers were also offered a series of classes on special pedagogy. For example, Interaction of a Speech Therapist and Parents in the Correction of Children’s Speech Disorders, from the Department of Special Pedagogy. The meeting addressed topical issues of creating a correctional and developmental environment for schoolchildren with speech disorders, implementing the task of ensuring the interaction of a speech therapist and parents in order to increase the effectiveness of speech therapy for preschool children and young learners from primary school. The lecture about children’s speech disorders highlighted the importance of involving parents in such a work, and discussed examples of correctional and developmental tasks for parents, not only school teachers.

64Special webinars for school teachers were held on the following topics: Support for Children with Psychological Trauma in General Secondary Education Institutions, from the Department of Special Pedagogy. All schoolchildren from the de-occupied territories, and schoolchildren from the war zone have experienced prolonged stress and psychological trauma as a result of the war. Deaths, shelling, destruction, physical injuries, lack of usual living conditions – all these factors had a negative impact on children’s psyche.

65The webinar focused on how to create a happy, safe environment for children, switch them from the war horrors into ordinary childhood life, and how to return childhood to children using modern means. The webinar used the experience of working with inner displaced people from places of compact settlement in 2014 and 2022, in the grey zone of the Joint Forces Operation and in the combat zone of 2014-2017, and recommended manuals on the topic under the stamp of the Ministry of Education and Science to support families with children in war (Trubavina, Cherednychenko, Oliinyk, Nedria, 2023).

66Moreover, within the Hub, some webinars for school teachers were presented too. Health care, psychology and special pedagogy, that aim to promote educational services within the specialties Special Education (Educational Programmes Oligophrenopedagogy”, Speech Therapy”) and Biology and Human Health (Educational Programme Human Health and Practical Psychology”) were discussed as well as at the interactive webinar “Emotional Intelligence. The Key to Health.

67During the communication, the participants school teachers learned about emotional intelligence and how to develop it for schoolchildren, how emotions affect children’s health, how to develop their emotional competence, how to become emotionally mature by mastering emotion management techniques and methods.

68The webinar included elements of training, where school teachers performed exercises aimed at improving their own social competence, skills in using some neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) techniques, and developing self-motivation. During the meeting, the school teachers interacted actively with each other and took part in the topic discussion.

Conclusion

69When Ukraine wins and the war is over, we believe that teachers and students will value their lives, families, friends even more than now, and everyday things too. All the efforts of the academic staff and students now are aimed at the victory of Ukraine. Our defenders will return home as heroes. Poems and songs will be written about those who died defending us and our Homeland. When the war is over, we will all face a difficult path to rebuild our country, both psychologically and physically in everyday life. Rebuilding ourselves and our mental health, restoration of the destroyed infrastructure, village, towns, cities will be our new goal. Finally, Ukraine will recover and become stronger and more beautiful.

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Ilona Kostikova et Tetiana Viediernikova, « Online Teaching and Learning, Extracurricular Activities at the University in Wartime in Ukraine »Tréma [En ligne], 60 | 2023, mis en ligne le 22 septembre 2023, consulté le 14 juin 2024. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/trema/8525 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/trema.8525

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Auteurs

Ilona Kostikova

H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv (Ukraine) / Department of Theory and Practice of the English Language

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Tetiana Viediernikova

H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv (Ukraine) / Department of Theory and Practice of the English Language

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