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Les projets d’agricultures urbaines : des vecteurs de transitions

La Ville/Paysage. Une nouvelle configuration pour les environnements de vie contemporaine

Landscape City : a new configuration of Rural/Civic contemporaneous life–environments
Giorgio Pizziolo and Rita Micarelli

Abstracts

The Contemporary environments, with their inhabitants, users and local governments, need new methodologies and procedures to cope with the difficulties of this transition period that concerns the relationships among the Ternary Systems - Individual/Social/Environmental- that are the basis of any urban-rural and territorial transformation. New participatory processes, procedures and ecological interactions can emerge from such Contemporary Ternary Systems and produce new configurations of the Life Environment, towards the Landscape/City.

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Full text

Introduction

1In order to discuss the thematic of transition we would consider the Landscape City as a nucleus and a mover of the in becoming Life Environments, the places where the multiple webs of the town are closely entwined around the environmental texture. Such a holistic configuration equally involves the territory, the living spaces, the single persons and the social communities reciprocally linked and ecologically balanced. In this sense the Landscape City can emerge as an aesthetic catalyser of new projecting processes. This phenomenon develops at the real/local environmental dimension but it is strongly connected to the unbounded informational web environment in a continuous reciprocal entanglement. In other words the Landscape/ City is nothing but a very relationship between a consolidated social trim –the traditional town- and a new organization of its environmental context to which the ancient town had been referred. The very nursery of such relationship are the both territory and its natural aesthetic Configuration. We are speaking of a complex and multiple system of relationships where the Action-Research of persons and community play a fundamental role, just as reference points to their whole environmental contexts that contain and harbour both the City and the Landscape. If in such condition the two would be related each other and involved in reciprocal dynamics we could think of a new entity able to harbour and nurse an in becoming human /environmental context. A suitable example of such a complex condition can be found along the ancient ages among a lot of Tuscan territories (rural and urban), spontaneously defined, designed or planned as autonomous complete settlements, usually enabled to organize their environmental resources and territorial structures as a whole organism (water, food, energy, cultivations, roads, forests, rivers, canals, aqueducts). In Tuscany and in Italy in general, such realities (ranging from small villages or towns, to little parts of urban or metropolitan areas) are still alive and manifest throughout the habits, experiences and life styles of their citizens even if they are overwhelmed by the impelling globalization.Within such realities more and more communities improve their knowledges, experiences and projects that could open the ways to different configurations of Landscape City. On this base we consider that multiple versions of Landscape City are possible and can be realized within such socio-environmental conditions, according to various procedures, that can continuously take shape on each territorial reality throughout evolutionary participative processes.

Experiential Researches

2The following examples show that such visions can be practicable in our contemporary age.

Figure 1. Camaiore and Capannori –north Tuscany, Lucca Province- are the two examples selected in Tuscany to promote the landscape /city.

Figure 1. Camaiore and Capannori –north Tuscany, Lucca Province- are the two examples selected in Tuscany to promote the landscape /city.

Figure 2. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).The historic small town at the bottom of the Apuan alps , between the hills and the Versilia plain.

Figure 2. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).The historic small town at the bottom of the Apuan alps , between the hills and the Versilia plain.

Figure 3. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).

Figure 3. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).

The Rural-Urban Landscapes. 1- mountain ; 2- ancient town ; 3 -hills ; 4-drained areas and urban sprawl ; 5- coastal area

3The territory of Camaiore is articulated as a very urban/ environmental structure extended between the south Apuan Alps Mountain (Monte Prana) and the north Tirreno Sea, through a pre-mountain hills, and a drained fertile plain, all crossed by small rivers and torrents and drainage canals. Different conditions and separate life styles -some time contrasting – characterize the municipal territories :a seaside resort on the beaches, a very ancient small town (founded and planned in medieval age), a sprawled undifferentiated (rural/ urban/artisan) fabric gathered along the ancient roads and canals a mountain well shaped mountain still inhabited and properly used by micro farmers, (sheep and cultivations managed by perseverant old and young farmers).

4These differentiated situations, as yet adequately supported by this territorial life environment, have been progressively exasperated, to the prejudice of their original ties and the entire life environment. Despite this impelling crisis, the territory is still alive and humming with activities while the consciousness of this crisis is propagating among attentive social groups and citizens.

5In this stimulating environment is maturing a new idea of Mountain/Sea Landscape City developable throughout contributory progressive experiential activities spontaneously managed by groups of citizens, promoted by the local Government, supported by local and external experts, all minded to potentiate the original dynamics (peculiar of this territory) or create new relational fields among them and towards external environments.

6In this way a lot of Action-Researches, all based on the ecological resources of this territory, could be triggered :

  • Respect of the mountain, appropriated management of mountain natural and farming productions (water, soil, animals, fruits)

  • Acknowledgement and potentiation of hills and plain agriculture

  • Enhancement of specific archaeological researches (from Neanderthal to Medieval age)

  • Strengthening and promotion of the territorial ancient structures by an integrated appreciation and valorisation of the local History, Art, Architecture, technological- territorial Apparatus…

7Throughout such Action -Research Experiences the different life environments, with their habitats, human experiences and activities, could be enabled to potentiate and connect each other as the new configuration of Landscape City by using and potentiating the four Agro- Regions (Agro pastoral Mountain, Mediterranean Hills, Rural Gardens, Agro farm in the plain).Here the Landscape/City could flourish and develop.

Figure 4. Camaiore: different life styles, initiatives and landscaping actions already coexist as in a potential landscape city.

Figure 4. Camaiore: different life styles, initiatives and landscaping actions already coexist as in a potential landscape city.

Figure 5. Camaiore: various Action Researches are already in progress on the territory.

Figure 5. Camaiore: various Action Researches are already in progress on the territory.

Figure 6. Capannori (north Tuscany, Lucca’s Province): the ancient environment where the autonomous Capannori Municipality has been re-founded (XIX century).

Figure 6. Capannori (north Tuscany, Lucca’s Province): the ancient environment where the autonomous Capannori Municipality has been re-founded (XIX century).

8Capannori, is a large rural – civic life environment, located at the periphery of Lucca, founded on a network of little ancient villages and rural areas, surrounded by impressing hilly landscapes and historic Farms and Villas. Today, whereas the hilly landscapes have been protected from the aggressive recent transformations, the plain has been progressively invaded by factories, new residences, while the ancient roads have been invaded by a dangerous traffic, like urban motorways.

9The quality of life of the local community is exasperated, while the territories of Capannori became a sort of dumping periphery for all kinds of undesirable activities of the wider surrounding area (agriculture, traffic, industry, urban waste incineration).

Figure7. Capannori. The contemporary urban sprawl.

Figure7. Capannori. The contemporary urban sprawl.

10Such increasing diseases provoked a lot of creative reactions among the citizens (zero waste /circular economy, alternative management of the traffic) realized by permanent spontaneous Laboratories for a responsible participation in the public management of their territories.

11Such a collaborative- responsible condition suggested the idea of a new ethic/aesthetic Life Environment, considered as a potential Common Good where solidarity, economy, beauty, reciprocal learning can be interweaved by a continuous interactive action –research practiced among Citizens, Public Bodies, other Institutions, local Owners and Operators.

12This holistic vision leads to a new configuration of Landscape City, rural and urban at the same time, where complex social dynamics interact to turn the present situation into a new condition, rural and urban at the same time where :

  • the Rural Contexts (partially abandoned or hyper exploited) and the small urban dwellings (peripheral urban fabric) could be re-organized as landscape ambits (villages, mountain, hill, plane, underground water and wet areas mutually linked and ecologically integrated) where the contemporary rurality and the urban activities co-exist and create a new quality of life within a new evolutive Bioregion ;

Figure 8. Capannori: different landscape actions are already in progress and could be further developed in terms of landscape/city relational interactions.

Figure 8. Capannori: different landscape actions are already in progress and could be further developed in terms of landscape/city relational interactions.
  • the Group of citizens, expert and promoters of the Filiera Corta Market, could propagate and intensify their activities as territorial Project Laboratories. Their purposes could be referred to the whole municipal territory and interweaved with the other activities already in course.

13The interaction of all these initiatives could assume a new aesthetic, educational, economic and experiential configuration as Landscape/ Cities.

Conclusion

14The two cases of Landscape /Cities above described show how new Relational Textures –environmental, social, economic, informational- can be encouraged to constitute concrete Relational Fields, where the different conditions, proposals, experiences can become resonant and dancing while the Landscape/City could progressively take shape, develop and flourish.

Figure 9. Tthe relational textures that can be predisposed, potentiated or encouraged show how they can create different Relational Fields on the territories of Capannori and Camaiore where two Landscape /Cities can progressively take shape and flourish.

Figure 9. Tthe relational textures that can be predisposed, potentiated or encouraged show how they can create different Relational Fields on the territories of Capannori and Camaiore where two Landscape /Cities can progressively take shape and flourish.

Aknowledgements

15We want to express our gratitude and appreciation to Prof. Olga Fomichova and professor Wladimir Fomichov who have opened Cognitonics Research through the interdisciplinary and interactive dialogues at the International Conference on Cognitonics, developing these topics at an interdisciplinary, scientific and creative high level ; Professor Kensei Hiwaki , vice President of IIAS, who appreciated our ideas and proposals of Landscape /City presented in the IIAS Intersymp 2015 ; Arch. Laura Pommella, co-founder of GRASP Association, who helped our research about Camaiore Municipality and The Project Research Group of the ‘Capannori Città/ Paesaggio’ Project Competition, 2016.

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Bibliography

Bateson, G., 1980, Mente e natura, Milano

Deleuze, G. et F.Guattari, 2004, A Thousand Plateaus. Trans. B. Massumi. London and New York : Continuum, vol. 2 of Capitalism and Schizophrenia. 2 vols. 1972-1980. Trans. of Mille Plateaux. Paris : Les Editions de Minuit

Micarelli, R. et G. Pizziolo , 2003, Dai margini del caos, l’ecologia del progettare, Firenze

Micarelli, R. et G. Pizziolo, 2003, L’arte delle Relazioni, Firenze

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List of illustrations

Title Figure 1. Camaiore and Capannori –north Tuscany, Lucca Province- are the two examples selected in Tuscany to promote the landscape /city.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-1.jpg
File image/jpeg, 572k
Title Figure 2. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).The historic small town at the bottom of the Apuan alps , between the hills and the Versilia plain.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-2.jpg
File image/jpeg, 252k
Title Figure 3. Camaiore (North Tuscany, Lucca’s Province).
Caption The Rural-Urban Landscapes. 1- mountain ; 2- ancient town ; 3 -hills ; 4-drained areas and urban sprawl ; 5- coastal area
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-3.jpg
File image/jpeg, 252k
Title Figure 4. Camaiore: different life styles, initiatives and landscaping actions already coexist as in a potential landscape city.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-4.jpg
File image/jpeg, 428k
Title Figure 5. Camaiore: various Action Researches are already in progress on the territory.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-5.jpg
File image/jpeg, 248k
Title Figure 6. Capannori (north Tuscany, Lucca’s Province): the ancient environment where the autonomous Capannori Municipality has been re-founded (XIX century).
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-6.jpg
File image/jpeg, 732k
Title Figure7. Capannori. The contemporary urban sprawl.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-7.jpg
File image/jpeg, 460k
Title Figure 8. Capannori: different landscape actions are already in progress and could be further developed in terms of landscape/city relational interactions.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-8.jpg
File image/jpeg, 544k
Title Figure 9. Tthe relational textures that can be predisposed, potentiated or encouraged show how they can create different Relational Fields on the territories of Capannori and Camaiore where two Landscape /Cities can progressively take shape and flourish.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/docannexe/image/21259/img-9.jpg
File image/jpeg, 489k
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References

Electronic reference

Giorgio Pizziolo and Rita Micarelli, « La Ville/Paysage. Une nouvelle configuration pour les environnements de vie contemporaine  », VertigO - la revue électronique en sciences de l'environnement [Online], Hors-série 31 | septembre 2018, Online since 05 September 2018, connection on 30 March 2020. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/vertigo/21259 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/vertigo.21259

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About the authors

Giorgio Pizziolo

IIAS International Institute for Advanced Studies in System Research and Cybernetics, Ontario, Canada, courriel : pizziologiorgio@gmail.com

Rita Micarelli

IIAS International Institute for Advanced Studies in System Research and Cybernetics, Ontario, Canada

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Copyright

Licence Creative Commons
Les contenus de VertigO sont mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.

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